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    Brief Mental Training Sessions Have Long-Lasting Benefits for Seniors' Everyday Function

    (ScienceDaily - January 14, 2014) - Older adults who received as few as 10 sessions of cognitive training showed improvements in reasoning ability and speed-of-processing when compared with untrained controls participants as long as 10 years after the intervention. These gains were even greater for those who got additional "booster" sessions over the next three years. Older adults who received brief cognitive training also reported that they had less difficulty in performing important everyday tasks. The findings are published today in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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    It's All Coming Back to Me Now: Researchers Find Caffeine Enhances Memory

    (ScienceDaily - January 12, 2014) - Researchers at the Johns Hopkins University have found that caffeine has a positive effect on long-term memory in humans. Their research, published by the journal Nature Neuroscience, shows that caffeine enhances certain memories at least up to 24 hours after it is consumed.

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    Ultrasound Directed to the Human Brain Can Boost Sensory Performance

    (ScienceDaily - January 12, 2014) - A new study has found that ultrasound can modulate brain activity to heighten sensory perception in humans.

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    Green Spaces Deliver Lasting Mental Health Benefits

    (ScienceDaily - January 7, 2014) - Green space in towns and cities could lead to significant and sustained improvements in mental health, finds a new study published in the journal of Environmental Science & Technology.

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    Several Forms of Vitamin E Protect Against Memory Disorders, Study Says

    (ScienceDaily - January 14, 2014) - Elderly people with high serum vitamin E levels are less likely to suffer from memory disorders than their peers with lower levels, according to a study published recently in Experimental Gerontology. According to the researchers, various forms of vitamin E seem to play a role in memory processes. The study was carried out in cooperation between the University of Eastern Finland, the Finnish National Institute for Health and Welfare, Karolinska Institutet, and the University of Perugia.

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    Sleep to Protect Your Brain

    (ScienceDaily - December 31, 2013) - A new study from Uppsala University, Sweden, shows that one night of sleep deprivation increases morning blood concentrations of NSE and S-100B in healthy young men. These brain molecules typically rise in blood under conditions of brain damage. Thus, their rise in blood after sleep loss may indicate that a lack of snoozing might be conducive to a loss of brain tissue. The findings are published in the journal Sleep.

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    Prenatal Exposure to Alcohol Disrupts Brain Circuitry: No Safe Level of Drinking During Pregnancy, Neuroscientist Says

    (ScienceDaily - December 3, 2013) - Prenatal exposure to alcohol severely disrupts major features of brain development that potentially lead to increased anxiety and poor motor function, conditions typical in humans with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders, according to neuroscientists at the University of California, Riverside.

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    New Study Suggests Low Vitamin D Causes Damage to Brain

    (ScienceDaily - December 2, 2013) - A new study led by University of Kentucky researchers suggests that a diet low in vitamin D causes damage to the brain.

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    Statin Use Not Linked to a Decline in Cognitive Function

    (ScienceDaily - November 18, 2013) - Based on the largest comprehensive systematic review to date, researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania concluded that available evidence does not support an association between statins and memory loss or dementia. The new study, a collaborative effort between faculty in Penn Medicine's Preventive Cardiovascular Program, the Penn Memory Center, and the Penn Center for Evidence-Based Practice, will be published in Annals of Internal Medicine.

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    Can Certain Herbs Stave Off Alzheimer's Disease?

    (ScienceDaily - November 15, 2013) - Enhanced extracts made from special antioxidants in spearmint and rosemary improve learning and memory, a study in an animal model at Saint Louis University found.

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    Magnesium Levels Vital to Brain Health as Population Ages

    (ScienceDaily - November 4, 2013) - The results of one medically significant study spearheaded by Dr. Guosong Liu, one of the world's leading cognitive health researchers, suggest that elevation of brain magnesium through dietary intake of magnesium threonate exerts substantial positive effects on brain synapses in a mouse model of Alzheimer’s Disease, actually restoring aging brains to their youthful conditions.

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    Preventive Effect of Plant Sterols in Alzheimer’s Disease

    (ScienceDaily - October 24, 2013) - It's no secret that many of the phytochemicals in fruit and vegetables have a positive effect on our health. For instance, plant sterols (also known as phytosterols) help to lower cholesterol levels. According to a new study by researchers at Saarland University, they also appear to prevent the onset of Alzheimer's disease.

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    Lower Blood Sugars May Be Good for the Brain

    (ScienceDaily - October 23, 2013) - Even for people who don’t have diabetes or high blood sugar, those with higher blood sugar levels are more likely to have memory problems, according to a new study published in the October 23, 2013, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

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    Breast Cancer Hormone Therapy May Affect Cognitive Function

    (The Oncology Report - October 18, 2013) - Patients with breast cancer who received hormone therapy were over seven times more likely to show cognitive decline as were untreated patients after controlling for other factors, based on a prospective study of 81 patients.

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    Neurological Researchers Find Fat May Be Linked to Memory Loss

    (ScienceDaily - October 9, 2013) - Although there are several risk factors of dementia, abnormal fat metabolism has been known to pose a risk for memory and learning. People with high amounts of abdominal fat in their middle age are 3.6 times as likely to develop memory loss and dementia later in their life.

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    Long Sleep Duration Accelerates Cognitive Decline

    (Medwire News - September 30, 2013) - People with long sleep durations of more than 9 hours daily have more rapid cognitive decline than those who sleep 6 to 8 hours, researchers report.

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    Statins May Reduce Dementia Risk By 3-Fold, Especially When Taken For A Year Or More

    (Medical Daily - October 1, 2013) - About 15 million Americans take statins, a type of medication that helps to lower cholesterol. Yet, when a group of Johns Hopkins researchers investigated whether statins produce cognition problems, they discovered astounding evidence of the exact opposite: statins, when taken for a year or more, may reduce the risk of dementia by 29 percent.

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    Antibodies Could Halt Alzheimer's And Dementia Onset, Improve Cognitive Function

    (MedicalDaily - September 26, 2013) - Alzheimer’s disease is only one of the many neurodegenerative diseases caused by defects in the tau protein. Known as tauopathies, diseases in this category are usually caused when tau proteins, which help stabilize the structure of neurons, become defective, and instead, aggregate and tangle among themselves. Now, a new study finds that new antibody treatments could help prevent tau from accumulating, possibly setting the stage for new dementia treatments.

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    Eating Fish, Nuts May Not Help Thinking Skills After All

    (ScienceDaily - September 25, 2013) - Contrary to earlier studies, new research suggests that omega-3 fatty acids may not benefit thinking skills. The study is published in the September 25, 2013, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. Omega-3s are found in fatty fish such as salmon and in nuts.

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    Study Finds Link Between Commonly Prescribed Statin and Memory Impairment

    (University of Bristol - September 25, 2013) - New research that looked at whether two commonly prescribed statin medicines, used to lower low-density lipoprotein (LDL) or bad cholesterol levels in the blood, can adversely affect cognitive function has found that one of the drugs tested caused memory impairment in rats.

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    Antioxidants in Blood Tied to Better Cognition

    (MedPage Today - September 25, 2013) - Blood concentrations of some antioxidative micronutrients were positively associated with executive function and visuopractical skills, researchers reported at the World Congress of Neurology meeting in Vienna.

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    Caffeine Consumption Slows Down Brain Development, Rat Study Shows

    (ScienceDaily - September 24, 2013) - Humans and other mammals show particularly intensive sleeping patterns during puberty. The brain also matures fastest in this period. But when pubescent rats are administered caffeine, the maturing processes in their brains are delayed.

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    Diabetes Drug Metformin May Impair Cognition, Study Finds

    (Medscape - September 24, 2013) - Metformin use in some patients with type 2 diabetes is associated with cognitive impairment that might be alleviated with vitamin B12 and calcium supplementation, a new study from Australia suggests.

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    Mediterranean Diet May Benefit Mind as Well as Body

    (PsychCentral - September 4, 2013) - The first systematic review of related research confirms a positive impact on cognitive function, but an inconsistent effect on mild cognitive impairment.

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    Poverty Impairs Cognitive Function

    (Science Codex - August 29, 2013) - Poverty consumes so much mental energy that those in poor circumstances have little remaining brainpower to concentrate on other areas of life, new research finds. As a result, those with few resources are more likely to make bad decisions that perpetuate their financial woes.

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    Cocoa May Boost Brain Function in Seniors

    (MedPageToday - August 8, 2013) - Older people with impaired neurovascular coupling at baselinewho drank two cups of cocoa a day for a month had significant improvement in cognitive function and blood flow in the brain, investigators reported.

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    Aerobic Exercise Boosts Brain Power in Mild Cognitive Impairment

    (Cinical Psychiatry News - August 1, 2013) - Combined results from two 6-month, randomized trials indicate that aerobic exercise improves executive function to a significantly greater degree than do stretching and tone exercises in patients with mild cognitive impairment or mild insulin resistance, Laura Baker, Ph.D., reported at the Alzheimer’s Association International Conference 2013.

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    Can Poor Dental Health Cause Dementia?

    (WebMD - July 31, 2013) - Poor dental health and gum disease may be linked to Alzheimer's disease and dementia, a new study from the University of Central Lancashire School of Medicine and Dentistry suggests.

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    The Best Medicine to Prevent Alzheimer's? Exercise

    (Science World Report - July 30, 2013) - Instead of another medication, some researchers believe that exercise might be the key to preventing or slowing the progression of Alzheimer's disease. According to researchers at the University of Maryland School of Public Health, they found that not only can exercise improve your cognitive functioning abilities, but it can actually decrease your risk for getting Alzheimer's.

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    Blood Pressure Brain Drain

    (Daily Rx - July 30, 2013) - A recent study found greater changes in blood pressure between doctor visits to be associated with decreased cognitive function in old age among people at high risk for heart disease.

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    Blood Pressure Drugs Slow Progress of Dementia

    (OnMedica - July 26, 2013) - ACE inhibitors slow down the rate of cognitive decline common in people with dementia and may improve their brain power, concludes a story published today in the online journal BMJ Open.

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    Walking to School Stimulates Your MInd

    (PsychCentral - July 25, 2013) - A new study from the University of Granada suggests walking to school improves cognitive performance — with a longer walk (greater than 15 minutes) bestowing even greater benefits.

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    Undiagnosed Pre-Diabetes Highly Prevalent in Early Alzheimer's Disease Study

    (ScienceDaily - July 14, 2013) - When Georgetown University neurologist R. Scott Turner, MD, PhD, began enrolling people with mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease into a nationwide study last year, he expected to find only a handful of participants with undiagnosed glucose intolerance, as all the patients were already under a doctor's care and those with known diabetes were excluded. But Turner says he was "shocked" by how many study participants were found to have pre-diabetes -- a finding that is triggering important questions.

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    Vitamin B: Choline Intake Improves Memory and Attention-Holding Capacity, Experts Say

    (ScienceDaily - July 11, 2013) - An experimental study in rats has shown that consuming choline, a vitamin B group nutrient found in foodstuffs like eggs and chicken or beef liver, soy and wheat germ, helps improve long-term memory and attention-holding capacity. The study, conducted by scientists at the University of Granada (Spain) Simón Bolívar University, (Venezuela) and the University of York (United Kingdom), has revealed that choline is directly involved in attention and memory processes and helps modulate them.

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    Smoking Plus Heavy Drinking May Accelerate Mental Decline

    (Doctors Lounge - July 11, 2013) - Lighting up a cigarette and having a few cocktails often go hand in hand, but according to a new study, this common combination may wreak havoc on a person's mental skills.

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    Mental Performance Improving in the Over-90s

    (OnMedica - July 11, 2013) - People who are in their nineties have better mental performance than those of a similar age a decade ago, research has shown. Authors of the study, published online today in The Lancet, say that slight improvements in educational attainment don’t account for the improvement in test scores. They add that their findings also challenge the idea that an ageing population necessarily results from frail and disabled elderly people living longer.

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    Neutral Effect of Hormones on Cognition in Younger Women

    (Medscape - June 25, 2013) - New data suggest that use of hormone therapy has no sustained benefit or risk to cognitive function in women aged 50 to 55 years.

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    IQ Link to Baby's Weight Gain in First Month

    (ScienceDaily - June 18, 2013) - New research from the University of Adelaide shows that weight gain and increased head size in the first month of a baby's life is linked to a higher IQ at early school age.

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    Adolescents' High-Fat Diet Impairs Memory and Learning

    (ScienceDaily - June 17, 2013) - A high-fat diet in adolescence appears to have long-lasting effects on learning and memory during adulthood, a new study in mice finds. The results were presented Saturday at The Endocrine Society's 95th Annual Meeting in San Francisco.

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    Weight Loss Improves Memory and Alters Brain Activity in Overweight Women

    (ScienceDaily - June 17, 2013) - Memory improves in older, overweight women after they lose weight by dieting, and their brain activity actually changes in the regions of the brain that are important for memory tasks, a new study finds.

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    Testosterone Improves Verbal Learning and Memory in Postmenopausal Women

    (ScienceDaily - June 17, 2013) - Postmenopausal women had better improvement in verbal learning and memory after receiving treatment with testosterone gel, compared with women who received sham treatment with a placebo, a new study found.

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    New Drug Reverses Loss of Brain Connections in Alzheimer's

    (ScienceDaily - June 17, 2013) - The first experimental drug to boost brain synapses lost in Alzheimer's disease has been developed by researchers at Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute. The drug, called NitroMemantine, combines two FDA-approved medicines to stop the destructive cascade of changes in the brain that destroys the connections between neurons, leading to memory loss and cognitive decline.

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    Frequent Soccer Ball 'Heading' May Lead to Brain Injury

    (ScienceDaily - June 11, 2013) - Researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University have shown that soccer players who frequently head the ball have brain abnormalities resembling those found in patients with concussion (mild traumatic brain injury). The study, which used advanced imaging techniques and cognitive tests that assessed memory, published online today in the journal Radiology.

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    Alzheimer's and Low Blood Sugar in Diabetes May Trigger a Vicious Cycle

    (ScienceDaily - June 10, 2013) - Diabetes-associated episodes of low blood sugar may increase the risk of developing dementia, while having dementia or even milder forms of cognitive impairment may increase the risk of experiencing low blood sugar, according to the study published online Monday in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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    Atrial Fibrillation Hastens Cognitive Decline

    (MedPage Today - June 6, 2013) - The development of atrial fibrillation was associated with a more rapid decline in cognitive function among older adults, even in the absence of clinical stroke, researchers found.

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    A 20-Minute Bout of Yoga Stimulates Brain Function Immediately After

    (ScienceDaily - June 5, 2013) - Researchers report that a single, 20-minute session of Hatha yoga significantly improved participants' speed and accuracy on tests of working memory and inhibitory control, two measures of brain function associated with the ability to maintain focus and take in, retain and use new information. Participants performed significantly better immediately after the yoga practice than after moderate to vigorous aerobic exercise for the same amount of time.

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    Thyroid Hormones Closely Related to Cognition in Adults

    (Healio - June 4, 2013) - Results from a cross-sectional analysis conducted by researchers at the NIH indicate that cognition is associated with thyroid hormones in adults, but vary by sex, race and depressive status.

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    Blood Vessels in the Eye Linked With IQ, Cognitive Function

    (ScienceDaily - June 3, 2013) - The width of blood vessels in the retina, located at the back of the eye, may indicate brain health years before the onset of dementia and other deficits, according to a new study published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

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    Too Early to Learn? Preterm Birth Affects Ability to Solve Complex Cognitive Tasks

    (ScienceDaily - May 27, 2013) - Being born preterm goes hand in hand with an increased risk for neuro-cognitive deficits. Psychologists from the Ruhr-Universität Bochum and the University of Warwick, UK have investigated the relation between the duration of pregnancy and cognitive abilities under varying work load conditions.

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    Mediterranean Diet Preserves Cognition in the Aging Brain

    (DoctorsLounge - May 23, 2013) - A dietary intervention of the Mediterranean diet, enhanced with either extra-virgin olive oil or nuts, is superior to a low-fat diet in preserving global cognition with age, according to research published online May 13 in the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry.

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    New Drug Reverses Memory Deficits and Slows Alzheimer's in Mice

    (ScienceDaily - May 13, 2013) - A drug developed by scientists at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies, known as J147, reverses memory deficits and slows Alzheimer's disease in aged mice following short-term treatment. The findings, published May 14 in the journal Alzheimer's Research and Therapy, may pave the way to a new treatment for Alzheimer's disease in humans.

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    Play Your Way To Brain Health: Video Game May Improve Cognitive Ability

    (Medical Daily - May 2, 2013) - A recent study indicates that older adults may improve cognitive functioning through training focused on memory and speedy processing.

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    Increases in Heart Disease Risk Factors May Decrease Brain Function

    (ScienceDaily - May 2, 2013) - Brain function in adults as young as 35 may decline as their heart disease risk factors increase, according to new research in the American Heart Association journal Stroke.

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    Clenching Right Fist May Give Better Grip On Memory

    (ScienceDaily - April 24, 2013) - Clenching your right hand may help form a stronger memory of an event or action, and clenching your left may help you recollect the memory later, according to research published April 24 in the open access journal PLOS ONE by Ruth Propper and colleagues from Montclair State University.

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    Examining Caffeine’s Effect On Cognitive Function

    (RedOrbit - April 23, 2013) - Does drinking coffee, tea, soda or energy drinks impact an individual’s cognitive performance or his or her enjoyment of certain types of foods? Those questions were examined by experts who presented their research at the Experimental Biology 2013 conference in Boston, Massachusetts.

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    Scientific Basis for Cognitive Complaints of Breast Cancer Patients

    (ScienceDaily - April 19, 2013) - A new study led by Dr. Patricia Ganz, director of cancer prevention and control research at UCLA's Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, demonstrates a significant correlation between poorer performance on neuropsychological tests and memory complaints in post-treatment, early-stage breast cancer patients -- particularly those who have undergone combined chemotherapy and radiation.

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    Video Games: Bad or Good for Your Memory?

    (ScienceDaily - April 18, 2013) - At the University of Leiden, researchers investigated whether gaming could be a fast and easy way to improve your memory.

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    Exercise Can Offset Some of Alcohol's Damage to the Brain

    (HealthCentral - April 17, 2013) - According to a study at the University of Colorado at Boulder, regular exercise may be able to block some of the effects of alcohol on the brain.

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    Training the Brain to Improve On New Tasks

    (ScienceDaily - April 15, 2013) - A brain-training task that increases the number of items an individual can remember over a short period of time may boost performance in other problem-solving tasks by enhancing communication between different brain areas.

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    CABG Effects on Cognition Resolve Quickly

    (MedPage Today - April 5, 2013) - The cognitive impairment often reported after on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting usually resolves within 8 weeks of the procedure, researchers reported.

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    Early Surgical Menopause Linked to Cognitive Decline

    (ObGyn News - April 5, 2013) - Earlier age at surgical menopause may be associated with a steeper decline in cognitive function and increased Alzheimer’s disease–related neuropathologic scores, preliminary results from two longitudinal studies have shown.

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    Herpes Virus Infection Can Cause Memory Loss, Cognitive Impairment Along with Cold Sores

    (Medical Daily - March 25, 2013) - The herpes simplex virus may bring worse symptoms than just cold sores - a new study links it to cognitive problems, memory loss, and dementia in older adults.

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    Heading a Soccer Ball May Affect Cognitive Performance

    (ScienceDaily - February 27, 2013) - Sports-related head injuries are a growing concern, and new research suggests that even less forceful actions like 'heading' a soccer ball may cause changes in performance on certain cognitive tasks, according to a paper published February 27 in the open access journal PLOS ONE by Anne Sereno and colleagues from the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston.

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    Should Grandma Join Facebook? It May Give Her a Cognitive Boost, Study Finds

    (ScienceDaily - February 21, 2013) - Preliminary research findings from the University of Arizona suggest that men and women older than 65 who learn to use Facebook could see a boost in cognitive function.

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    Early Music Lessons Boost Brain Development

    (ScienceDaily - February 12, 2013) - A study published last month in the Journal of Neuroscience suggests that musical training before the age of seven has a significant effect on the development of the brain, showing that those who began early had stronger connections between motor regions -- the parts of the brain that help you plan and carry out movements.

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    Cardiac Disease Linked to Higher Risk of Mental Impairment

    (ScienceDaily - January 28, 2013) - Cardiac disease is associated with increased risk of mild cognitive impairment such as problems with language, thinking and judgment -- particularly among women with heart disease, a Mayo Clinic study shows.

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    Diet, Parental Behavior and Preschool Can Boost Children's IQ

    (ScienceDaily - January 25, 2013) - Supplementing children's diets with fish oil, enrolling them in quality preschool, and engaging them in interactive reading all turn out to be effective ways to raise a young child's intelligence, according to a new report published in Perspectives on Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

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    Exercise Can Slow Onset of Alzheimer's Memory Loss: Scientists Identify Link

    (ScienceDaily - January 24, 2013) - A team of researchers from The University of Nottingham has identified a stress hormone produced during moderate exercise that may protect the brain from memory changes related to Alzheimer’s disease.

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    Hearing Loss Takes Toll on Cognition

    (MedPage Today - January 21, 2013) - Hearing loss predicted increased cognitive decline in older adults, according to results of two studies.

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    Cognitive Function Worse During Early Menopause

    (Healio - January 14, 2013) - Cognitive function may differ throughout the menopausal transition, with researchers suggesting that cognition appears to be worse during early menopause.

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    Passive Smoking Increases Risk of Severe Dementia, According to Study in China

    (ScienceDaily - January 9, 2013) - An international study by scientists in China, the UK and USA has found a link between passive smoking and syndromes of dementia. The study of nearly 6,000 people in five provinces in China reveals that people exposed to passive smoking have a significantly increased risk of severe dementia syndromes.

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    Cognitive Deficits from Concussions Still Present After Two Months

    (ScienceDaily - January 7, 2013) - The ability to focus and switch tasks readily amid distractions was compromised for up to two months following brain concussions suffered by high school athletes, according to a study at the University of Oregon.

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    Modern Parenting May Hinder Brain Development, Research Suggests

    (ScienceDaily - January 7, 2013) - Social practices and cultural beliefs of modern life are preventing healthy brain and emotional development in children, according to an interdisciplinary body of research presented recently at a symposium at the University of Notre Dame.

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    Even Brief Interruptions Spawn Errors

    (ScienceDaily - January 7, 2013) - Short interruptions -- such as the few seconds it takes to silence that buzzing smartphone -- have a surprisingly large effect on one's ability to accurately complete a task, according to new research led by Michigan State University.

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    Detrimental Effect of Obesity On Lesions Associated With Alzheimer's Disease

    (ScienceDaily - January 7, 2013) - Researchers from Inserm and the Université Lille/Université Lille Nord de France have recently used a neurodegeneration model of Alzheimer's disease to corroborate the theory that metabolic anomalies contribute massively to the development of dementia.

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    Can Blood Pressure Drugs Reduce the Risk of Dementia?

    (ScienceDaily - January 7, 2013) - People taking the blood pressure drugs called beta blockers may be less likely to have changes in the brain that can be signs of Alzheimer's disease and other types of dementia, according to a study released today that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 65th Annual Meeting in San Diego, March 16 to 23, 2013.

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    Cognitive Benefit of Lifelong Bilingualism

    (ScienceDaily - January 5, 2013) - Seniors who have spoken two languages since childhood are faster than single-language speakers at switching from one task to another, according to a study published in the January 9 issue of The Journal of Neuroscience. Compared to their monolingual peers, lifelong bilinguals also show different patterns of brain activity when making the switch, the study found.

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    Ditching Gadgets May Boost Creativity

    (LiveScience - December 13, 2012) - To boost your brain's creativity, take a hike, according to new research. But consider leaving the electronic gadgets at home.

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    Paradox Of Aging: Older People Report Better Cognitive Functioning, Well-Being

    (Science 2.0 - December 8, 2012) - Traditionally, aging has been viewed as a period of progressive decline in physical, cognitive and psychosocial functioning, and aging is viewed by many as the "number one public health problem" facing Americans today. But this negative view of aging contrasts with results of a psychological survey of 1,006 older adults in San Diego. Results of the Successful Aging Evaluation study, comprising a 25-minute phone interview, followed by a comprehensive mail-in survey.

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    Vitamin D Tied to Women's Cognitive Performance

    (ScienceDaily - November 30, 2012) - Two new studies appearing in the Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences show that vitamin D may be a vital component for the cognitive health of women as they age.

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    Researchers Find Smoking, Other Factors Linked To Cognitive Decline In People Over 50

    (RedOrbit - November 28, 2012) - There’s an overwhelming body of evidence that smoking contributes to cancer, lung disease, heart disease, low birth weight and other health issues. Now, new research from King’s College London is showing that picking up that cigarette is also associated with mental decline such as forgetfulness and slower thinking. And for those over 50, smoking can lead to accelerated decline in brain function.

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    Active Lifestyle Boosts Brain Structure and Slows Alzheimer’s Disease

    (ScienceDaily - November 26, 2012) - An active lifestyle helps preserve gray matter in the brains of older adults and could reduce the burden of dementia and Alzheimer's disease, according to a study presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America.

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    Brief Exercise Immediately Enhances Memory

    (ScienceDaily - November 26, 2012) - A short burst of moderate exercise enhances the consolidation of memories in both healthy older adults and those with mild cognitive impairment, scientists with UC Irvine's Center for the Neurobiology of Learning & Memory have discovered.

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    Does Air Pollution Hurt Memory of Older Adults?

    (WebMD - November 16, 2012) - Older adults who live in areas of high pollution did not do as well on tests of memory and other thinking skills, according to a new study presented at the Gerontological Society of America meeting in San Diego.

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    Cognitive Training after CABG Found Beneficial in Elderly Population

    (Cardiology Today - November 12, 2012) - Cognitive training along with the usual medical follow-up after surgery may reduce complications after Coronary Artery Bypass Graft surgery, according to research conducted in Montreal. Training that targets both attention and memory was found to be especially beneficial.

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    Preschoolers' Counting Abilities Relate to Future Math Performance, Researcher Says

    (ScienceDaily - November 8, 2012) - Along with reciting the days of the week and the alphabet, adults often practice reciting numbers with young children. Now, new research from the University of Missouri suggests reciting numbers is not enough to prepare children for math success in elementary school. The research indicates that counting, which requires assigning numerical values to objects in chronological order, is more important for helping preschoolers acquire math skills.

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    Longer Use of Hormonal Contraception During Midlife Predicts Better Cognitive Function Later

    (ScienceDaily - November 7, 2012) - Premenopausal use of hormonal contraceptives may improve the cognitive abilities of women in midlife and for years afterward. This finding may have implications for prevention of declining cognitive function that occurs with advancing age and in diseases such as Alzheimer's. The beneficial effects of hormones increase the longer a woman uses them, as described in a study published in Journal of Women's Health, a peer-reviewed publication from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers.

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    Omega-3 Intake Heightens Working Memory in Healthy Young Adults

    (ScienceDaily - October 25, 2012) - In the first study of its kind, researchers at the University of Pittsburgh have determined that healthy young adults ages 18-25 can improve their working memory even further by increasing their Omega-3 fatty acid intake. Their findings have been published online in PLOS One.

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    Brainwave Training Boosts Network for Cognitive Control and Affects Mind-Wandering

    (ScienceDaily - October 24, 2012) - A breakthrough study conducted in Canada has found that training of the well-known brainwave in humans, the alpha rhythm, enhances a brain network responsible for cognitive-control.

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    Moderate Drinking Decreases Number of New Brain Cells

    (ScienceDaily - October 24, 2012) - Drinking a couple of glasses of wine each day has generally been considered a good way to promote cardiovascular and brain health. But a new Rutgers University study indicates that there is a fine line between moderate and binge drinking -- a risky behavior that can decrease the making of adult brain cells by as much as 40 percent.

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    Hypertension in Pregnancy May Affect Child’s Cognition in Old Age

    (Healio - October 19, 2012) - Hypertensive disorders during pregnancy may foretell increased cognitive decline and lower cognitive ability up to old age, according to study results published in the online issue of Neurology.

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    Eating Lots of Carbs, Sugar May Raise Risk of Cognitive Impairment, Mayo Clinic Study Finds

    (MayoClinic.org - October 16, 2012) - People 70 and older who eat food high in carbohydrates have nearly four times the risk of developing mild cognitive impairment, and the danger also rises with a diet heavy in sugar, Mayo Clinic researchers have found.

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    Eat More Chocolate, Win More Nobel Prizes?

    (Medical Daily - October 10, 2012) - A study ties chocolate consumption to the number of Nobel Prize winners a country has and suggests it's a sign that the sweet treat can boost brain power.

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    Depression with Insomnia May Magnify Cognitive Impairment

    (PsychCentral - October 9, 2012) - Sleep problems contribute to a variety of psychological and physical problems. But is the cognitive functioning of sleep-impaired people with depression worse than those without depression?

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    Language Learning Makes the Brain Grow, Swedish Study Suggests

    (ScienceDaily - October 9, 2012) - At the Swedish Armed Forces Interpreter Academy, young recruits learn a new language at a very fast pace. By measuring their brains before and after the language training, a group of researchers has had an almost unique opportunity to observe what happens to the brain when we learn a new language in a short period of time.

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    Caffeine May Block Inflammation Linked to Mild Cognitive Impairment

    (ScienceDaily - October 8, 2012) - Recent studies have linked caffeine consumption to a reduced risk of Alzheimer's disease, and a new University of Illinois study may be able to explain how this happens.

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    Poorer Lung Health Leads to Age-Related Changes in Brain Function

    (ScienceDaily - October 8, 2012) - Keeping the lungs healthy could be an important way to retain thinking functions that relate to problem-solving and processing speed in one's later years, new research suggests.

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    Aspirin: Protects Brain as Well as Heart

    (MedPage Today - October 5, 2012) - Low-dose aspirin may help forestall cognitive decline in elderly women at high cardiovascular risk, Swedish researchers found.

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    Chewing Ability Linked to Reduced Dementia Risk

    (ScienceDaily - October 4, 2012) - Can you bite into an apple? If so, you are more likely to maintain mental abilities, according to new research from Karolinska Institutet in Sweden.

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    Mom's High Blood Pressure in Pregnancy Could Affect Child's IQ Into Old Age

    (ScienceDaily - October 3, 2012) - New research suggests that a mother's high blood pressure during pregnancy may have an effect on her child's thinking skills all the way into old age. The study is published in the October 3, 2012, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

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    Smoking Clouds the Brain After Stroke: Memory, Thinking, Decision-Making Affected by Tobacco Use

    (ScienceDaily - October 2, 2012) - A study of stroke patients from Southern Ontario found those who smoke have more difficulty with problem-solving and decision-making than non-smokers.

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    High Calorie Diets Can Mean Memory Loss

    (Pacific Standard - September 19, 2012) - According to a recent study from the Mayo Clinic, there is a link between memory loss and a high calorie diet. People over 70 who consumed more than 2,143 calories a day doubled their risk of memory loss and mild cognitive impairment—a stage of decline beyond normal age-related changes when memory, language, and thinking start slipping.

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    Brain Training' May Lessen Cognitive Impairments Associated With Coronary Bypass Surgery

    (ScienceDaily - September 18, 2012) - A Canadian study demonstrated that patients suffering from cognitive deficits after coronary bypass surgery could greatly benefit from cognitive training that targets both attention and memory -- the cognitive functions most affected after this type of operation.

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    Stress Breaks Loops That Hold Short-Term Memory Together

    (SciencDaily - September 13, 2012) - Stress has long been pegged as the enemy of attention, disrupting focus and doing substantial damage to working memory -- the short-term juggling of information that allows us to do all the little things that make us productive.

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    How Early Social Deprivation Impairs Long-Term Cognitive Function

    (Science Codex - September 13, 2012) - A growing body of research shows that children who suffer severe neglect and social isolation have cognitive and social impairments as adults. A study from Boston Children's Hospital shows, for the first time, how these functional impairments arise: Social isolation during early life prevents the cells that make up the brain's white matter from maturing and producing the right amount of myelin, the fatty "insulation" on nerve fibers that helps them transmit long-distance messages within the brain.

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    Second-Hand Smoking Damages Memory

    (ScienceDaily - September 11, 2012) - Non-smokers who live with or spend time with smokers are damaging their memory, according to new research from Northumbria University.

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    Vitamin C and Beta-Carotene Might Protect Against Dementia

    (ScienceDaily - September 11, 2012) - Researchers from the University of Ulm have discovered that the serum-concentration of the antioxidants vitamin C and beta-carotene are significantly lower in patients with mild dementia than in control persons. It might thus be possible to influence the pathogenesis of AD by a person's diet or dietary antioxidants.

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    'Chemo Brain' After Breast Cancer Backed by Study

    (HealthDay News - September 7, 2012) - Breast cancer patients treated with chemotherapy are at risk for mild mental deficits known collectively as "chemo brain," a new study finds.

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    Brainy Beverage: Study Reveals How Green Tea Boosts Brain Cell Production to Aid Memory

    (ScienceDaily - September 5, 2012) - It has long been believed that drinking green tea is good for the memory. Now researchers have discovered how the chemical properties of China's favorite drink affect the generation of brain cells, providing benefits for memory and spatial learning.

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    Even in Normal Range, High Blood Sugar Linked to Brain Shrinkage

    (ScienceDaily - September 3, 2012) - People whose blood sugar is on the high end of the normal range may be at greater risk of brain shrinkage that occurs with aging and diseases such as dementia, according to new research published in the September 4, 2012, print issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

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    Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome Associated With Impaired Brain Function in Adolescents

    (ScienceDaily - September 3, 2012) - A new study by researchers at NYU School of Medicine reveals for the first time that metabolic syndrome is associated with cognitive and brain impairments in adolescents and calls for pediatricians to take this into account when considering the early treatment of childhood obesity.

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    Adolescent Pot Use Leaves Lasting Mental Deficits

    (ScienceDaily - August 27, 2012) - The persistent, dependent use of marijuana before age 18 has been shown to cause lasting harm to a person's intelligence, attention and memory, according to an international research team.

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    Women With Alzheimer’s Deteriorate Faster Than Men

    (ScienceDaily - August 23, 2012) - Women with Alzheimer's show worse mental deterioration than men with the disease, even when at the same stage of the condition, according to researchers from the University of Hertfordshire.

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    Intense Prep for Law School Admission Test Alters Brain Structure

    (ScienceDaily - August 22, 2012) - Intensive preparation for the Law School Admission Test actually changes the microscopic structure of the brain, physically bolstering the connections between areas of the brain important for reasoning, according to neuroscientists at the University of California, Berkeley.

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    Practicing Music for Only Few Years in Childhood Helps Improve Adult Brain

    (ScienceDaily - August 21, 2012) - Compared to peers with no musical training, adults with one to five years of musical training as children had enhanced brain responses to complex sounds, making them more effective at pulling out the fundamental frequency of the sound signal.

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    Obesity, Metabolic Factors Linked to Faster Cognitive Decline

    (ScienceDaily - August 20, 2012) - People who are obese and also have high blood pressure and other risk factors called metabolic abnormalities may experience a faster decline in their cognitive skills over time than others.

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    Scientists Report Promising New Direction for Cognitive Rehabilitation in the Elderly

    (ScienceDaily - August 20, 2012) - In a new study, scientists have found that elderly subjects who underwent temporal training improved not only the rate at which they processed auditory information, but also in other cognitive areas.

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    Secrets of 'SuperAger' brains

    (Science Codex - August 17, 2012) - Northwestern Medicine researcher Emily Rogalski's new study has for the first time identified an elite group of elderly people age 80 and older whose memories are as sharp as people 20 to 30 years younger than them. And on 3-D MRI scans, the SuperAger participants' brains appear as young -– and one brain region was even bigger –- than the brains of the middle-aged participants.

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    Does CRP Protect Families from Dementia?

    (MedPage Today - August 15, 2012) - Healthy aging -- and cognitive health in particular -- may run in families and may be linked to high levels of an important marker for cardiovascular disease, researchers reported.

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    Cocoa May Slow Cognitive Impairment of Aging

    (PsychCentral - August 14, 2012) - A new study in the American Heart Association’s journal Hypertension suggests that ingesting cocoa flavanols daily may improve mild cognitive impairment.

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    How Stress and Depression Can Shrink the Brain

    (ScienceDaily - August 12, 2012) - Major depression or chronic stress can cause the loss of brain volume, a condition that contributes to both emotional and cognitive impairment. Now a team of researchers led by Yale scientists has discovered one reason why this occurs -- a single genetic switch that triggers loss of brain connections in humans and depression in animal models.

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    Good News: Migraines Hurt Your Head but Not Your Brain

    (ScienceDaily - August 10, 2012) - Migraines currently affect about 20 percent of the female population, and while these headaches are common, there are many unanswered questions surrounding this complex disease. According to new research from Brigham and Women's Hospital, migraines are not associated with cognitive decline.

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    Children's Healthy Diets Linked to Higher IQ

    (ScienceDaily - August 7, 2012) - Children fed healthy diets in early age may have a slightly higher IQ, while those on heavier junk food diets may have a slightly reduced IQ, according to new research from the University of Adelaide.

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    Greater Working Memory Capacity Benefits Analytic, but Not Creative, Problem-Solving

    (ScienceDaily - August 7, 2012) - In a new article in the August issue of Current Directions in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, Jennifer Wiley and Andrew Jarosz of the University of Illinois at Chicago explore the role of working memory capacity in both mathematical and creative problem solving.

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    Epilepsy Drug Reverses Memory Loss in Animal Model of Alzheimer's Disease

    (ScienceDaily - August 6, 2012) - Scientists at the Gladstone Institutes have discovered that an FDA-approved anti-epileptic drug reverses memory loss and alleviates other Alzheimer's-related impairments in an animal model of the disease.

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    Hormone Shots Aid Cognition in Older Adults

    (MedPage Today - August 6, 2012) - Daily shots of growth hormone-releasing hormone improved cognition in both healthy adults and those with mild cognitive impairment, researchers reported online in Archives of Neurology.

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    Brain Imaging Can Predict How Intelligent You Are

    (ScienceDaily - August 1, 2012) - New research suggests that as much as 10 percent of individual differences in intelligence can be explained by the strength of neural pathways connecting the left lateral prefrontal cortex to the rest of the brain.

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    Ecstasy Harms Memory With One Year of Recreational Use

    (ScienceDaily - July 25, 2012) - New research published online July 25 by the scientific journal Addiction, gives some of the first information available on the actual risk of using ecstasy. It shows that even in recreational amounts over a relatively short time period, ecstasy users risk specific memory impairments.

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    Neglect Hinders Brain Growth in Kids

    (PsychCentral - July 24, 2012) - Severe psychological and physical neglect produces measurable changes in children’s brains, according to a new study by researchers at Boston Children’s Hospital.

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    Boosting New Memories With Wakeful Resting

    (ScienceDaily - July 23, 2012) - In an article to be published in the journal Psychological Science, a publication of the Association for Psychological Science, psychological scientist Michaela Dewar and her colleagues show that memory can be boosted by taking a brief wakeful rest after learning something verbally new.

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    Bad Sleep Tied to Cognitive Decline

    (MedPage Today - July 19, 2012) - Common sleep problems may be a sign of impending cognitive decline or even Alzheimer's disease, according to results of several studies reported here.

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    Recent and Past Musical Activity Predicts Cognitive Aging Variability

    (Frontiers in Human Neuroscience - July 19, 2012) - Older adults (59–80 years) who acquired music early in life and maintained musical activities for an extended period of time (minimum 10 years; mean 37 years), outperformed older control adults in non-musical cognitive domains of verbal working memory, verbal memory, verbal fluency, visuospatial, and planning functions according to a study published online July 19, 2012 in Frontiers in Human Neuroscience.

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    Binge Drinking Affects Brain Functioning in Elderly

    (Medical Daily - July 18, 2012) - Based on a nationally representative survey of U.S. adults, researchers found that binge drinking once or twice a month significantly increased risk of cognitive decline in senior citizens.

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    Gait Problems May Presage Cognitive Decline

    (MedPage Today - July 15, 2012) - Abnormalities in walking are among the first signs of cognitive impairment and may even develop before such impairments are spotted on neuropsychological tests, researchers said at the Alzheimer's Association International Conference.

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    Strength Training Key in Preventing Alzheimer's

    (CNN Health - July 16, 2012) - Studies presented at this year’s Alzheimer’s Association International Conference found that resistance training was particularly beneficial for improving the cognitive abilities of older adults.

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    Alzheimer's Plaques in PET Brain Scans Identify Future Cognitive Decline

    (ScienceDaily - July 11, 2012) - Among patients with mild or no cognitive impairment, brain scans using a new radioactive dye can detect early evidence of Alzheimer's disease that may predict future decline, according to a multi-center study led by researchers at Duke University Medical Center.

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    Nutrient Mixture Improves Memory in Patients With Early Alzheimer's

    (ScienceDaily - July 10, 2012) - A clinical trial of an Alzheimer's disease treatment developed at MIT has found that the nutrient cocktail can improve memory in patients with early Alzheimer's. The results confirm and expand the findings of an earlier trial of the nutritional supplement, which is designed to promote new connections between brain cells.

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    Postoperative Delirium in Cardiac Surgery Patients Associated With Prolonged Cognitive Impairment

    (ScienceDaily - July 5, 2012) - Older patients undergoing cardiac surgery often experience changes in cognitive function, such as memory problems or an inability to focus, in the days immediately following their operations. While these changes are usually temporary, for unknown reasons, a significant number of cardiac patients will encounter long-term cognitive problems, lasting as long as a year after their surgeries.

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    Association Between Cognitive Impairment and Bone Mineral Density in Postmenopausal Women

    (PubMed - June 22, 2012) - A study published in the June 2012 issue of Menopause found that cognitive impairment is significantly associated with lower BMD in postmenopausal women. This finding suggests that cognitive aging is clearly multifactorial, but estrogen deficiency may be one of the contributing factors.

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    Diabetes May Speed Cognitive Decline

    (MedPage Today - June 18, 2012) - A prospective study over 9 years found an association between having diabetes at baseline and cognitive decline among older adults without dementia.

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    Role of Omega-3 in Preventing Cognitive Decline in Older People Questioned

    (ScienceDaily - June 12, 2012) - Older people who take omega-3 fish oil supplements are probably not reducing their chances of losing cognitive function, according to a new Cochrane systematic review. Based on the available data from studies lasting up to 3.5 years, the researchers concluded that the supplements offered no benefits for cognitive health over placebo capsules or margarines, but that longer term effects are worth investigating.

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    Keeping Pace: Walking Speed May Signal Thinking Problems Ahead

    (ScienceDaily - June 11, 2012) - A new study shows that changes in walking speed in late life may signal the early stages of dementia known as mild cognitive impairment. The research is published in the June 12, 2012, print issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

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    For Postmenopausal Women, Soy is Neutral for Cognition

    (PsychCentral - June 6, 2012) - No significant difference in mental abilities was found between postmenopausal women who took soy supplements and those who did not, according to researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine and the USC Keck School of Medicine.

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    Stress May Delay Brain Development in Early Years

    (ScienceDaily - June 6, 2012) - Stress may affect brain development in children, changing growth of a specific piece of the brain and abilities associated with it, according to researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

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    High Blood Caffeine Levels in Older Adults Linked to Avoidance of Alzheimer’s Disease

    (ScienceDaily - June 4, 2012) - Those cups of coffee that you drink every day to keep alert appear to have an extra perk -- especially if you're an older adult. A recent study monitoring the memory and thinking processes of people older than 65 found that all those with higher blood caffeine levels avoided the onset of Alzheimer's disease in the two-to-four years of study follow-up. Moreover, coffee appeared to be the major or only source of caffeine for these individuals.

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    Work Chemicals May Hinder Cognitive Ability in Less Educated

    (PsychCentral - May 29, 2012) - A new study published in the journal Neurology suggests exposure to solvents at work may be associated with reduced thinking skills later in life for those who have less than a high school education.

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    Saturated Fat Intake Linked to Faster Cognitive and Memory Decline

    (Medical Daily - May 18, 2012) - Eating foods containing certain types of fat may be damaging to the brain, according to Harvard researchers who linked bad fats like saturated or trans-fats to significantly worse memory and overall cognitive function.

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    Sugar Can Make You Stupid

    (PsychCentral - May 16, 2012) - A new study out of the University of California-Los Angeles shows that a high-fructose diet sabotages learning and memory in rats. The study, published in the Journal of Physiology, also shows how omega-3 fatty acids can counteract that sabotage.

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    Babies' Brains Benefit from Music Lessons, Even Before They Can Walk and Talk

    (ScienceDaily - May 9, 2012) - After completing the first study of its kind, researchers at McMaster University have discovered that very early musical training benefits children even before they can walk or talk.

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    Can a Sense of Purpose Slow Alzheimer's?

    (The Atlantic - May 9, 2012) - New evidence suggests a sense of meaning in life can mitigate symptoms of the degenerative disease, even when the illness's harmful plaque has already accumulated in the brain.

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    Does Sunscreen Really Inhibit Mental Development?

    (The Atlantic - May 9, 2012) - Lately, there has been some concern about whether using sunscreen might have a negative influence on children's mental development. At issue is whether blocking the UV rays from the sun interferes with vitamin D synthesis to the point that it may affect children's brainpower.

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    Prepregnancy Obesity Tied to Lower Child Test Scores

    (PsychCentral - May 9, 2012) - Women who are obese before they become pregnant are at higher risk of having children with lower cognitive function than mothers with a healthy prepregnancy weight, new research suggests.

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    Study Links Late Depression, Risk of Dementia

    (MedPage Today - May 8, 2012) - Depression that strikes for the first time in later life may be an early sign of Alzheimer's disease, researchers reported.

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    How Cannabis Use During Adolescence Affects Brain Regions Associated With Schizophrenia

    (ScienceDaily - May 8, 2012) - New research from the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland published in Nature's Neuropsychopharmacology has shown physical changes to exist in specific brain areas implicated in schizophrenia following the use of cannabis during adolescence. The research has shown how cannabis use during adolescence can interact with a gene, called the COMT gene, to cause physical changes in the brain.

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    Diabetes Shrinks Elderly Brain

    (ScienceDaily - May 7, 2012) - Elderly preople with pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes suffer from an accelerated decline in brain size and mental capacity in as little as two years.

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    Caffeine Can Prevent Memory Loss in Diabetes

    (ScienceDaily - May 7, 2012) - Badly controlled diabetes is known to affect the brain causing memory and learning problems and even increased incidence of dementia, although how this occurs is not clear. But now a study in mice with type 2 diabetes has discovered how diabetes affects a brain area called the hippocampus causing memory loss, and also how caffeine can prevent this.

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    Eating Fish, Chicken, Nuts May Lower Risk of Alzheimer's Disease

    (ScienceDaily - May 2, 2012) - A new study suggests that eating foods that contain omega-3 fatty acids, such as fish, chicken, salad dressing and nuts, may be associated with lower blood levels of a protein related to Alzheimer's disease and memory problems. The research is published in the May 2, 2012, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

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    Computer Use and Exercise Combo May Reduce the Odds of Having Memory Loss

    (ScienceDaily - May 1, 2012) - Previous studies have shown that exercising your body and your mind will help your memory but a new study, published in the May 2012 issue of Mayo Clinic Proceedings, reports a synergistic interaction between computer activities and moderate exercise in "protecting" the brain function in people older than 70.

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    Eating More Berries May Reduce Cognitive Decline in the Elderly

    (ScienceDaily - April 26, 2012) - Blueberries and strawberries, which are high in flavonoids, appear to reduce cognitive decline in older adults according to a new study recently published in Annals of Neurology, a journal of the American Neurological Association and Child Neurology Society. The study results suggest that cognitive aging could be delayed by up to 2.5 years in elderly who consume greater amounts of the flavonoid-rich berries.

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    Weight Training Helps Prevent Dementia

    (PsychCentral - April 24, 2012) - A new study shows that an exercise program that features resistance training improves the cognitive functioning of older women.

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    Any Physical Activity May Cut Alzheimer's Risk at Any Age

    (MedPage Today - April 18, 2012) - Staying on the move on a daily basis slows cognitive decline and cuts the risk of Alzheimer's disease for older adults, a prospective observational study determined.

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    Poor Dental Health Linked to Dementia Onset

    (Medscape - April 13, 2012) - In a study of more than 4000 elderly adults in Japan, those who had few teeth and who did not use dentures or who did not visit a dentist regularly had a significantly higher risk for dementia onset than the participants who practiced better dental health practices.

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    Vitamin D Not Tied to School Performance

    (MedPageToday - April 11, 2012) - Children with higher levels of two types of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) do not appear to fare better in school, researchers found.

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    Violin Lessons Strike a Chord With Alzheimer's Patients

    (Medscape - April 4, 2012) - Patients with Alzheimer's disease with otherwise limited cognitive function who had never before played the violin showed the potential not just to learn to play the instrument, but demonstrated improvements in mood and neuropsychiatric function in relation to the learning of the skill, according to a poster presentation at the American Medical Student Association 62nd Annual Convention.

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    New Study Shows Top Soccer Players Score Better Than 95% of the Population on Certain Measures of Brain Function

    (WebMD - April 5, 2012) - An athlete's knack for completing a pass or scoring a goal may depend as much on sharp mental skills as superior physical abilities, a new study shows.

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    Early-Life Exposure to BPA Affects Adult Learning, Animal Study Suggests

    (ScienceDaily - April 4, 2012) - Adult fish that had been exposed to tiny amounts of BPA as embryos had learning and memory problems, compared to fish that had not been exposed.

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    Memory Declines Faster in Years Closest to Death; Mental Activity Best Protection

    (ScienceDaily - April 4, 2012) - New research finds that a person's memory declines at a faster rate in the two-and-a-half years before death than at any other time after memory problems first begin. A second study shows that keeping mentally fit through board games or reading may be the best way to preserve memory during late life.

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    Memory Loss With Aging Not Necessarily Permanent, Animal Study Suggests

    (ScienceDaily - April 2, 2012) - Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have shown in animal models that the loss of memory that comes with aging is not necessarily a permanent thing.

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    Being Bilingual Wards Off Symptoms of Dementia

    (ScienceDaily - March 29, 2012) - A paper published by Cell Press in the March 29th issue of the journal Trends in Cognitive Sciences examines how being bilingual can offer protection from the symptoms of dementia, and also suggests that the increasing diversity in our world populations may have an unexpected positive impact on the resiliency of the adult brain.

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    More Evidence That Antihypertensive Therapy Has Cognitive Benefits

    (Medscape - March 23, 2012) - Results of a small study provide more evidence that antihypertensive therapy with angiotensin-receptor blockers has benefits on cognitive function in older adults with early cognitive impairment.

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    Learning Best When You Rest: Sleeping After Processing New Info Most Effective

    (ScienceDaily - March 23, 2012) - Nodding off in class may not be such a bad idea after all. New research from the University of Notre Dame shows that going to sleep shortly after learning new material is most beneficial for recall.

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    Obesity Linked to Poorer Mental Skills in Seniors

    (MedicalXpress - March 22, 2012) - Obesity is associated with reduced memory and thinking skills in adults aged 60 to 70, especially those with greater amounts of abdominal fat, according to a new study published in the journal Age and Ageing.

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    Cognitive Decline After Hospitalization in a Community Population of Older Persons

    (Neurology - March 20, 2012) - A new study found that in old age, cognitive functioning tends to decline substantially after hospitalization even after controlling for illness severity and prehospital cognitive decline.

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    Feeding Your Baby On Demand May Contribute to Higher IQ

    (ScienceDaily - March 20, 2012) - A new study suggests that babies who are breast-fed or bottle-fed to a schedule do not perform academically as well at school as their demand-fed peers. The finding is based on the results of IQ tests and school-based SATs tests carried out between the ages of five and 14, which show that demand-feeding was associated with higher IQ scores. The IQ scores of eight-year-old children who had been demand-fed as babies were between four and five points higher than the scores of schedule-fed children, says the study published in the European Journal of Public Health.

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    A Wandering Mind Reveals Mental Processes and Priorities

    (ScienceDaily - March 15, 2012) - A new study investigating the mental processes underlying a wandering mind reports a role for working memory, a sort of a mental workspace that allows you to juggle multiple thoughts simultaneously.

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    Memory Problems in Menopause Explained

    (PsychCentral - March 15, 2012) - The memory problems and "brain fog" that many women describe while going through menopause have been explained by scientists at the University of Rochester Medical Center and the University of Illinois at Chicago in a new study.

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    REM Sleep Disorder Doubles Risk of Mild Cognitive Impairment, Parkinson's, Study Finds

    (ScienceDaily - March 14, 2012) - People with symptoms suggesting rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder, or RBD, have twice the risk of developing mild cognitive impairment or Parkinson's disease within four years of diagnosis with the sleep problem, compared with people without the disorder, a Mayo Clinic study has found.

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    Evidence Builds That Meditation Strengthens the Brain

    (ScienceDaily - March 14, 2012) - Earlier evidence out of UCLA suggested that meditating for years thickens the brain (in a good way) and strengthens the connections between brain cells. Now a further report by UCLA researchers suggests yet another benefit.

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    The Cognitive Roots of Binge Eating

    (Scientific American - March 14, 2012) - A growing body of work is finding that disordered eating is connected to attention deficits and poor self-awareness.

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    Retinopathy Linked to Cognitive Impairment in Older Women

    (MD News - March 14, 2012) - The presence of retinopathy in older women is associated with cognitive decline and greater ischemic brain volumes, according to a study published online March 14 in Neurology.

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    Learning Therapy Improves Cognitive Function in Dementia

    (Nedscape - March 13, 2012) - There is more evidence to support the use of what is being called "learning therapy" in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Preliminary results of a new study suggest learning therapy provides an effective method for improving cognitive function in patients with AD and vascular dementia.

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    Just 60 Seconds of Combat Can Impair Memory, Finds Study of Police Officers

    (ScienceDaily - March 13, 2012) - Just 60 seconds of all-out physical exertion in a threatening situation can seriously damage the memories of those involved for many details of the incident, according to a new study of police officers.

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    Asymptomatic Carotid Disease Impairs Cognitive Function

    (Family Practice News - March 12, 2012) - Patients with substantial carotid-artery stenosis and no history of stroke or transient ischemic attack had significant cognitive impairments, compared with people without carotid disease, in a single-center, prospective study of 330 people

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    Maternal Obesity May Influence Brain Development of Premature Infants

    (ScienceDaily - March 8, 2012) - Maternal obesity may contribute to cognitive impairment in extremely premature babies, according to a new study by researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center.

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    Eating Berries Benefits the Brain

    (ScienceDaily - March 7, 2012) - Strong scientific evidence exists that eating blueberries, blackberries, strawberries and other berry fruits has beneficial effects on the brain and may help prevent age-related memory loss and other changes, scientists report. Their new article on the value of eating berry fruits appears in ACS' Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.

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    How Repeated Stress Impairs Memory

    (ScienceDaily - March 7, 2012) - New research has uncovered a neural mechanism that directly links repeated stress with impaired memory. The study, published by Cell Press in the March 8 issue of the journal Neuron, also provides critical insight into why stress responses can act as a trigger for many mental illnesses.

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    Specific Antibodies Halt Alzheimer's Disease in Mice

    (ScienceDaily - March 6, 2012) - Antibodies that block the process of synapse disintegration in Alzheimer's disease have been identified, raising hopes for a treatment to combat early cognitive decline in the disease.

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    Scientists Pinpoint How Vitamin D May Help Clear Amyloid Plaques Found in Alzheimer's

    (ScienceDaily - March 6, 2012) - A team of academic researchers has identified the intracellular mechanisms regulated by vitamin D3 that may help the body clear the brain of amyloid beta, the main component of plaques associated with Alzheimer's disease.

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    Weekend Smoking Can Damage Your Memory, Study Suggests

    (ScienceDaily - March 6, 2012) - People who smoke only on weekends cause as much damage to their memory as those who smoke on a daily basis, according to research from Northumbria University.

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    Heart Disease Plus Depression Rob the Brain

    (MedPage Today - March 5, 2012) - Patients with coronary artery disease who have persistent depressive symptoms may have an elevated risk of cognitive decline, researchers found.

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    Scientists Search for Source of Creativity

    (ScienceDaily - March 5, 2012) - It takes two to tango. Two hemispheres of your brain, that is. USC researchers are working to pin down the exact source of creativity in the brain and have found that the left hemisphere of your brain, thought to be the logic and math portion, actually plays a critical role in creative thinking.

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    New Alzheimer's Marker Strongly Predicts Mental Decline

    (ScienceDaily - March 5, 2012) - A new marker of Alzheimer’s disease can predict how rapidly a patient’s memory and other mental abilities will decline after the disorder is diagnosed, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have found.

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    Reversing Alzheimer's Gene 'Blockade' Can Restore Memory, Other Cognitive Functions

    (ScienceDaily - February 29, 2012) - MIT neuroscientists have shown that an enzyme overproduced in the brains of Alzheimer's patients creates a blockade that shuts off genes necessary to form new memories. Furthermore, by inhibiting that enzyme in mice, the researchers were able to reverse Alzheimer's symptoms.

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    Researchers Test Sugary Solution to Alzheimer's Disease

    (ScienceDaily - February 28, 2012) - Slowing or preventing the development of Alzheimer's disease, a fatal brain condition expected to hit one in 85 people globally by 2050, may be as simple as ensuring a brain protein's sugar levels are maintained.

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    More Evidence Omega-3 Rich Diet May Protect Aging Brain

    (Medscape - February 27, 2012) - New data from the Framingham Offspring Study cohort suggest that higher dietary intake of the omega-3 fatty acids docosahexaenoic acid and eicosapentaenoic acid may help protect the aging brain.

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    'Chemo Brain' May Linger 20 Years After Breast Cancer Treatment

    (Journal of Clinical Oncology - February 27, 2012) - Survivors of breast cancer treated with chemotherapy more than 20 years ago perform worse, on average, than random population controls on neuropsychological tests.

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    Atrial Fibrillation Linked to Increase Risk of Cognitive Decline

    (Canadian Medical Association Journal - February 27, 2012) - Cognitive and functional decline are important consequences of atrial fibrillation, even in the absence of overt stroke.

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    Could Rosemary Scent Boost Brain Performance?

    (ScienceDaily - February 24, 2012) - Hailed since ancient times for its medicinal properties, we still have a lot to learn about the effects of rosemary. Now researchers writing in Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology, published by SAGE, have shown for the first time that blood levels of a rosemary oil component correlate with improved cognitive performance.

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    Studies That Linked Specific Genes to Intelligence Were Largely Wrong, Experts Say

    (ScienceDaily - February 24, 2012) - A new Harvard study has found both that most of the genes thought to be linked to the trait are probably not in fact related to it, and identifying intelligence's specific genetic roots may still be a long way off.

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    Conformity Linked to the Size of a Brain Region

    (ScienceDaily - February 20, 2012) - A new study published in Current Biology has found a link between the amount of grey matter in the lateral orbitofrontal cortex and an individual's likelihood of conforming to social pressures.

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    The Pregnant Brain: How Mothers Think Differently

    (Newsweek - February 20, 2012) - With 80 percent of women experiencing some form of impaired cognitive function during pregnancy, it’s no surprise the idea of "pregnancy brain" has taken hold. But a recent paper suggests that the memory loss, stress, and general fuzzy-headedness of the prenatal period may actually have a crucial role in getting women ready to be mothers.

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    Cognitive Stimulation Slows Mental Decline in Dementia

    (Medscape - February 17, 2012) - Evidence from multiple clinical trials shows that cognitive stimulation therapies have beneficial effects on memory and thinking in people with mild to moderate dementia, according to a systematic review published in the Cochrane Library.

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    Puzzle Play Helps Boost Learning Math-Related Skills

    (ScienceDaily - February 16, 2012) - Children who play with puzzles between ages 2 and 4 later develop better spatial skills, researchers have found. Puzzle play was found to be a significant predictor of cognition after controlling for differences in parents’ income, education and the overall amount of parent language input.

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    Faster Walkers Have Lower Odds of Memory Problems

    (WebMD - February 15, 2012) - How fast you can walk and the strength of your hand grip might shed light on your odds of having a stroke or memory problems as you get older, researchers report.

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    Trouble Sleeping? It May Affect Your Memory Later On

    (ScienceDaily - February 14, 2012) - The amount and quality of sleep you get at night may affect your memory later in life, according to research that was recently released and will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 64th Annual Meeting in New Orleans April 21 to April 28, 2012.

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    Good Aerobic Capacity Promotes Learning

    (ScienceDaily - February 13, 2012) - A study conducted by research groups at the University of Jyväskylä shows that aerobic fitness, not physical activity as such, promotes cognitive abilities.

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    Air Pollution Linked to Cognitive Decline in Women

    (ScienceDaily - February 13, 2012) - A large, prospective study led by a researcher at Rush University Medical Center indicates that chronic exposure to particulate air pollution may accelerate cognitive decline in older adults.

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    Brain-Imaging Technique Predicts Who Will Suffer Cognitive Decline Over Time

    (Science Daily - February 13, 2012) - Scientists have used a brain imaging tool that effectively tracked and predicted cognitive decline over a two-year period. The team had previously developed this tool that can assess the neurological changes associated with mild cognitive impairment and dementia.

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    Memory Loss In Seniors Tied To Overeating

    (Medical News Today - February 13, 2012) - A new study suggests that overeating in older people may double their risk for mild cognitive impairment.

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    Early Parental Stroke Linked to Brain Changes in Offspring

    (Medscape - February 10, 2012) - Middle-aged children of parents who suffer an early stroke appear to be more prone to have large white-matter hyperintensity volumes, lower scores on visuospatial memory tests, and greater decline in executive function, a new study suggests.

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    Drug Quickly Reverses Alzheimer's Symptoms in Mice

    (ScienceDaily - February 9, 2012) - Neuroscientists at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicain have made a dramatic breakthrough in their efforts to find a cure for Alzheimer's disease.

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    Memory Strengthened by Stimulating Key Site in Brain

    (ScienceDaily - February 8, 2012) - UCLA neuroscientists have demonstrated that they can strengthen memory in human patients by stimulating a critical junction in the brain. Published in the Feb. 9 edition of the New England Journal of Medicine, the finding could lead to a new method for boosting memory in patients with early Alzheimer's disease.

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    Smoking Speeds Up Male Cognitive Decline

    (Medical News Today - February 7, 2012) - A male regular smoker has a higher risk of rapid cognitive decline compared to his counterparts who do not smoke, researchers from University College London, England, reported in Archives of General Psychiatry

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    Beta Amyloid Alters Cognition Even in Healthy Adults

    (Medscape - February 6, 2012) - Beta amyloid accumulation, even in healthy aging, is associated with a decline in cognitive function, report investigators.  Their new study suggests that subtle cognitive changes increase as amyloid progresses.

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    Green Tea Protects Against Functional Disability Linked To Aging

    (Medical News Today - February 6, 2012) - Regular green tea drinkers have a lower risk of developing functional disability, researchers from Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan, reported in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

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    Heart Failure Linked to Loss of Brain Gray Matter

    (HeartWire - February 3, 2012) - Heart failure is associated with a decline in mental function and a loss of gray matter in the brain which may make it more difficult for patients to follow instructions regarding their medication, a new Australian study has found.

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    Questions Help Tell Memory Loss from Dementia

    (MedPage Today - February 2, 2012) - A simple questionnaire cna help differentiate individuals experiencing normal age-related memory loss from those at risk from developing dementia, most notably by their orientataion to time and patterns of repetitive speech, researchers found.

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    Decaffeinated Coffee May Help Improve Memory Function and Reduce Risk of Diabetes

    (ScienceDaily - February 1, 2012) - Researchers from Mount Sinai School of Medicine have discovered that decaffeinated coffee may improve brain energy metabolism associated with type 2 diabetes.  This brain dysfunction is a known risk factor for dementia and other neurodegenerative disorders like Alzheimer's disease.

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    Vitamin D May Protect Against Stroke, Cognitive Impairment

    (Cardiology Today - February 1, 2012) - Those who consume sufficient amounts of vitamin D may be protected from incident strokes and cognitive impairment.

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    Mom's Love Good for Child's Brain

    (ScienceDaily - January 30, 2012) - School-age children whose mothers nurtured them early in life have brains with a larger hippocampus, a key structure important to learning, memory and response to stress.

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    Mild Cognitive Impairment Is Common, Affects Men Most, Study Finds

    (ScienceDaily - January 25, 2012) - Researchers involved in the Mayo Clinic Study of Aging report that more than 6% of Americans age 70 to 89 develop mild cognitive impairment every year.

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    Cognitive Activity May Reduce Brain Amyloid Deposition

    (Medscape - January 25, 2012) - Staying mentally active throughout life may reduce the risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD) by preventing the accumulation of AD-related pathology, a new study suggests.

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    Exergames Boost Brain Function Among Seniors

    (CNN Health - January 16, 2012) - In a study published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, researchers from Union College in New York reported that exergames (virtual reality games that combine exercise with interactive features) have the potential to improve cognitive function more than traditional exercise alone.

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    Nicotine Patch Showing Promise in Mild Cognitive Impairment

    (Medscape - January 10, 2012) - The nicotine patch, best known as a smoking cessation aid, is now showing benefit as a treatment for mild cognitive impairment. New class I evidence suggests the patch (Nicotrol, Pfizer) improves cognitive test performance in older adults with early memory loss.

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    Drug Use Not Tied to Mental Decline in Middle-Age

    (Reuterss - January 5, 2012) - Middle-aged adults whose memories have grown hazy can't blame occasional pot smoking or other light illicit drug use, new research suggests.  In a study of nearly 9,000 Britons whose memory and mental function were tested at age 50, researchers found that those who had used illegal drugs as recently as in their 40s did just as well or slightly better on the tests than peers who had never used drugs.

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    Memory Loss May Occur as Early as 40s

    (WebMD - January 5, 2012) - Age-related memory loss  is widely believed to begin around the age of 60, but new research suggests that memory and other mental declines may commonly occur decades earlier.

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    Alzheimer's Damage Occurs Early

    (ScienceDaily - January 3, 2012) - The first changes in the brain of a person with Alzheimer's disease can be observed as much as ten years in advance -- ten years before the person in question has become so ill that he or she can be diagnosed with the disease. This is what a new study from Lund University in Sweden has found.

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    Another Potential Risk Factor for Developing Dementia and Alzheimer's Disease in Women

    (ScienceDaily - January 2, 2012) - A hormone derived from visceral fat called adiponectin may play a role as a risk factor for development of all-cause dementia and Alzheimer disease in women, according to a study published Online First by the Archives of Neurology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

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    New Clues as to Why Some Older People May Be Losing Their Memory

    (ScienceDaily - December 29, 2011) - New research links "silent strokes," or small spots of dead brain cells, found in about one out of four older adults to memory loss in the elderly.

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    Nutrient Patterns Tied to Brain Volume, Cognitive Function

    (Medscape - December 29, 2011) - A study of relatively healthy elderly adults found that those with diets rich in several vitamins or omega-3 fatty acids had better cognitive function and less brain atrophy associated with Alzheimer's disease than their peers with diets less abundant in these nutrients.

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    Chemobrain: Changes in Cerebral White Matter

    (Medscape - December 22, 2011) - Cerebral white matter is altered and cognitive function declines after chemotherapy, according to a new longitudinal study published online December 19 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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    Brain Size May Predict Risk for Early Alzheimer's Disease

    (ScienceDaily - December 21, 2011) - New research suggests that in people who don't currently have memory problems, those with smaller regions of the brain's cortex may be more likely to develop symptoms consistent with very early Alzheimer's disease.

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    Improving Visual Environment Can Aid Cognition

    (PsychCentral - December 15, 2011) - A new study finds that a relatively simple intervention can lessen subtle vision problems associated with normal aging, Parkinson's, or Alzheimer's disease, and thus enhance cognitive function.

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    Deficits Linked to Low Birth Weight Extend Into Adulthood

    (Medscape - December 15, 2011) - Young adults who had a very low birth weight show deficits in neurocognitive abilities, including reduced attention and memory, compared with those born at a normal weight, a new study shows.

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    Body Clock Might Affect Women's Dementia Risk

    (MSN Health - December 13, 2011) - An older woman's sleep/wake cycle and levels of physical activity may affect her risk of developing dementia, a new study suggests.

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    Memory Issues After Cancer May Not be Due to Chemo

    (Reuters - December 12, 2011) - Women treated for breast cancer with radiation with or without chemotherapy had more thinking and memory problems a few years after their treatment ended than women who'd never had cancer.

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    Neuroscientists Boost Memory in Mice Using Genetics and a New Memory-Enhancing Drug

    (ScienceDaily - December 8, 2011) - When the activity of a molecule that is normally elevated during viral infections is inhibited in the brain, mice learn and remember better, researchers at Baylor College of Medicine reported in a recent article in the journal Cell.

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    Drug Reverses Aging-Associated Changes in Brain Cells, Animal Study Shows

    (ScienceDaily - December 7, 2011) - Drugs that affect the levels of an important brain protein involved in learning and memory reverse cellular changes in the brain seen during aging, according to an animal study in the December 7 issue of The Journal of Neuroscience. The findings could one day aid in the development of new drugs that enhance cognitive function in older adults.

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    Memory and Attention Problems May Follow Preemies into Adulthood

    (ScienceDaily - December 5, 2011) - Babies born at a very low birth weight are more likely to have memory and attention problems when they become adults than babies born at a low to normal weight, according to a study published in the December 6, 2011, print issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

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    Brain Training Software Beats Crossword Puzzles

    (ABC Science - November 30, 2011) - Though crossword puzzles may give your brain an edge every now and then, research suggests other types of brain training can be more effective in improving cognitive function - for older adults at least.

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    Eating Fish Reduces the Risk of Alzheimer's Disease, Study Says

    (ScienceDaily - November 30, 2011) - People who eat baked or broiled fish on a weekly basis may be improving their brain health and reducing their risk of developing mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease, according to a study presented November 30 at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America.

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    Drug-free Prevention of Dementia Decline

    (ScienceDaily - November 30, 2011) - There are many different causes of dementia and, although its progression can be fast or slow, it is always degenerative. New research published in BioMed Central's open access journal BMC Medicine shows that a regime of behavioral and mental exercises was able to halt the progression of dementia.

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    Early Sign of Alzheimer's Reversed in Lab

    (ScienceDaily - November 30, 2011) - One of the earliest known impairments caused by Alzheimer's disease -- loss of sense of smell -- can be restored by removing a plaque-forming protein in a mouse model of the disease, a study led by a Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine researcher finds.

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    The Cognitive Benefits of Chewing Gum

    (Wired - November 29, 2011) - Gum is an effective booster of mental performance, conferring all sorts of benefits without any side effects. The latest investigation of gum chewing comes from a team of psychologists at St. Lawrence University.

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    Playing Violent Video Games Changes Brain Function

    (Medscape - November 29, 2011) - Playing violent video games might be detrimental to the functioning of the brain, according to research presented at the Radiological Society of North America 97th Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting.

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    Frequent "Heading" in Soccer Can Lead to Brain Injury and Cognitive Impairment

    (MedicalDaily - November 29, 2011) - "Heading" a soccer ball frequently can lead to brain injury and cognitive impairment, according to a study from the Albert Einstein College of Medicine at Yeshiva University.

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    Damage From Alzheimer's Disease Reversed With Deep Brain Stimulation

    (Medical News Today - November 28, 2011) - Applying electrical pulses directly into targeted areas of the brain appears to reverse some of the damage caused by Alzheimer's disease and may even improve cognitive function and memory, according to Dr Andres M. Lozano and his team at Toronto Western Hospital in Ontario, Canada, who carried out a small study into the effects of deep brain stimulation on patients with early signs of the disease.

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    Meditation May Help Brain Tune Out Distractions

    (WebMD - November 21, 2011) - People who meditate may be able to use their brain in ways others can't to tune out distractions and focus on the task at hand.

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    Lower Weight May Be Early Alzheimer’s Sign

    (WebMD - November 21, 2011) - Being overweight in middle age is now recognized as a risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease, but being overweight or obese later in life is associated with a lower risk for age-related memory decline.

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    Ambulatory Blood Pressure May Best Predict Brain Disease, Cognitive Decline

    (American Heart Association - November 21, 2011) -  Ambulatory blood pressure — not the doctor’s office blood pressure — can best predict the progression of small vessel brain disease and the decline of cognitive function in older people, according to a new study in Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

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    Neurofeedback Improves 'Chemo Brain' in Cancer Patients

    (Medscape - November 17, 2011) - Neurofeedback, also known as EEG biofeedback or neurotherapy, has the potential to reduce or even reverse the cognitive impairment associated with chemotherapy, according to the results of a pilot study.

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    Is Chemo the Cause of Mental Fog After Breast Cancer?

    (WebMD - November 14, 2011) - The mental fog many breast cancer survivors complain of after treatment may be due to changes in their brains, whether or not they had chemotherapy, a study suggests.

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    Learning Spatial Terms Improves Children's Spatial Skills

    (ScienceDaily - November 9, 2011) - Preschool children who hear their parents describe the size and shapes of objects and then use those words themselves perform better on tests of their spatial skills, researchers at the University of Chicago have found.

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    Abnormal Number of Neurons in Brains of Children With Autism, Preliminary Study Finds

    (ScienceDaily - November 8, 2011) - In a small preliminary study that included 13 male children, those with autism had an average 67 percent more prefrontal brain neurons and larger than average brain weight, than children without autism, according to a study in the November 9 issue of JAMA.

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    Diabetes Linked to Cognitive Impairment in Older Adults, Study Suggests

    (ScienceDaily - November 8, 2011) - In a study published in the November 2011 issue of the journal Diabetes Care, researchers from Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center report that in older patients with diabetes, two adhesion molecules -- sVCAM and sICAM -- cause inflammation in the brain, triggering a series of events that affect blood vessels and, eventually, cause brain tissue to atrophy. Importantly, they found that the gray matter in the brain's frontal and temporal regions -- responsible for such critical functions as decision-making, language, verbal memory and complex tasks -- is the area most affected by these events.

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    Routine Iron Fortification of Infant Formula Linked to Poorer Development

    (ScienceDaily - November 8, 2011) - A long-term study examining iron-fortified vs. low-iron infant formula suggests that infants with high hemoglobin levels who received iron fortified infant formula have poorer long-term developmental outcomes.

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    Stroke Risk Profile May Also Predict Odds of Memory Problems

    (WebMD - November 7, 2011) - A screening profile used to gauge a person's chances of having a stroke may also give doctors an easy way to predict a person’s odds of having future memory and thinking problems, a new study reveals.

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    Lack of Sleep, Overweight Linked to Kids' Learning Problems

    (WebMD - November 4, 2011) - Children who are overweight and don't get enough sleep may have a harder time learning, and those with learning difficulties may be at higher risk for obesity and sleep problems, new research suggests.

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    The New Science Behind Your Spending Addiction

    (Newsweek - October 30, 2011) - New science unveils how your brain is hard-wired when it comes to spending - and how you can reboot it.

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    Weight Loss in Obese Tied to Low-Order Cognitive Upturn

    (DoctorsLounge - October 28, 2011) - Weight loss in obese individuals is associated with low- order significant improvements in executive/attention functioning and memory, according to a meta-analysis published in the November issue of Obesity Reviews.

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    Deep Brain Stimulation Creates New Neurons, Boosts Memory

    (Medscape - October 19, 2011) - New studies in animal models show not only that stimulating targeted regions of the brain improves spatial memory but also that neurogenesis explains, at least in part, this cognitive improvement.

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    Association Between Menopause, Obesity and Cognitive Impairment

    (ScienceDaily - October 14, 2011) - Obesity has been associated with cognitive decline, characterized by a deterioration of mental abilities that involve memory, language, and thought-processing speed. But in a study of 300 post-menopausal women included in the Cardiovascular Prevention Program "Corazón Sano," in Argentina, obese participants in the study performed better on three cognitive tests than participants of normal weight, leading researchers to speculate about the role of sex hormones and cognition.

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    Brain Rejects Negative Thoughts

    (ScienceDaily - October 9, 2011) - In a study published October 9 in Nature Neuroscience, researchers at the Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging at University College London)show that people who are very optimistic about the outcome of events tend to learn only from information that reinforces their rose-tinted view of the world. This is related to 'faulty' function of their frontal lobes.

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    Alzheimer's Disease Might Be Transmissible

    (ScienceDaily - October 4, 2011) - The brain damage that characterizes Alzheimer's disease may originate in a form similar to that of infectious prion diseases such as bovine spongiform encephalopathy (mad cow) and Creutzfeldt-Jakob, according to newly published research by The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston.

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    Blood Test Predicts Course of Alzheimer's Disease

    (MedPage Today - October 3, 2011) - Plasma levels of sphingolipid compounds can predict progression of Alzheimer's disease, a small, early, observational study showed.

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    Intensive Blood Glucose Lowering Has No Cognitive Benefit

    (Medscape - September 28, 2011) - Intensive lowering of blood glucose in patients with type 2 diabetes does not provide an edge in terms of cognition, a new study suggests.

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    As Minds Get Quicker, Teenagers Get Smarter

    (ScienceDaily - September 27, 2011) - Adolescents become smarter because they become mentally quicker. That is the conclusion of a new study by a group of psychologists at University of Texas at San Antonio.

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    Low Vitamin B12 Tied to Brain Atrophy, Cognitive Impairment

    (Medscape - September 27, 2011) - A new study provides more evidence that poor vitamin B12 status is a risk factor for brain atrophy and cognitive impairment, and highlights the importance of vitamin B12 metabolites that are not routinely assessed.

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    Stopping Smoking Boosts Everyday Memory

    (ScienceDaily - September 20, 2011) - Giving up smoking isn't just good for your health, it's also good for your memory, according to research from Northumbria University. Research published in this month's online edition of Drug and Alcohol Dependence reveals that stopping smoking can restore everyday memory to virtually the same level as non-smokers.

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    Support Grows for Diabetes–Dementia Link

    (Medscape - September 20, 2011) - Diabetes is a significant risk factor for the development of dementia, especially Alzheimer's disease, a new study published in the journal Neurology suggests.

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    Some Memory Complaints in the Elderly May Be Warning Signs of Cognitive Problems

    (Journal of the American Geriatrics Society - September 15, 2011) - Older individuals’ complaints about memory lapses such as having trouble remembering recent events may indicate they are experiencing cognitive problems greater than typical age-related changes. These findings, which were published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, indicate that primary care clinicians, who are often the first to see patients who are worried about their memory, should be aware that such complaints might be indicative of something serious and warrant a further cognitive assessment.

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    Cognitive Tests Beat Biomarkers for Predicting Alzheimer's Disease

    (Medscape - September 9, 2011) - In a medical record review, changes in cognitive function outperformed biomarkers for predicting conversion from mild cognitive impairment to Alzheimer's disease.

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    Salt and Inactivity: A Recipe for Cognitive Decline

    (Medscape - September 6, 2011) - Cutting back on sodium might help older adults maintain their cognitive function, particularly in those who aren't physically active.

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    Brain Training May Help Treat Schizophrenia

    (DiscoveryNews - August 5, 2011) - Pilot studies have shown cognitive improvements after computerized brain training for both recently diagnosed patients and for those living with schizophrenia for several years.

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    Midlife Cardiovascular Risk Linked to Cognitive Decline

    (Medscape - August 2, 2011) - Cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes, or obesity in midlife are associated with an increase in the rate of brain changes linked to dementia just 10 years down the road, a new study has found.

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    Apgar Scores at 5 Minutes After Birth in Relation to School Performance at 16 Years of Age

    (Obstetrics & Gynecology - August 2011) - An Apgar score of less than 7 at 5 minutes after birth is associated with subtle cognitive impairment, as measured by academic achievement at 16 years of age.

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    Blood Pressure Drug May Treat Senior Moments

    (Time - July 27, 2011) - A drug already approved by the Food and Drug Administration to treat high blood pressure may have an equally important effect on brain function, according to new research in monkeys.

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    More Evidence Retired NFL Players Face Increased MCI Risk

    (Medscape - July 18, 2011) - A new study finds up to a third of a group of retired National Football League players meet criteria for mild cognitive impairment, despite an average age of just 61 years.

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    Common Drugs Can Lead to Cognitive Decline in Older Adults

    (PsychCentral - June 27, 2011) - A study published in an advance online publication of the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society discovers that a common class of drugs can impair thinking in older adults and perhaps even increase the risk of death.

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    City Life Affects Brain's Response to Stress

    (WebMD - June 23, 2011) - The brains of people who live in cities react more strongly to stress than those who live in small towns and rural areas, a new study in the journal Nature shows.

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    Low-Fat Diet Affects Alzheimer's Biomarker

    (MedPage Today - June 13, 2011) - A low-fat diet led to improvements in a putative biomarker of Alzheimer's disease risk in patients with mild cognitive impairment, but it had the opposite effect in healthy older adults, a small, short-term trial found.

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    Early Marijuana Use Tied to Long-Term Brain Problems

    (CBS News - June 1, 2011) - New research published in The British Journal of Psychiatry shows that adults who smoked marijuana before the age of 15 have significant problems with attention span, impulse control and executive function, while those who started smoking marijuana later in life were much less likely to experience these cognitive problems.

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    Stroke Belt Sees More Cognitive Decline

    (MedPage Today - May 31, 2011) - In addition to a greater risk of stroke, residents in the Stroke Belt in the southeastern United States have greater odds of incident cognitive impairment, an analysis of the REGARDS study showed.

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    Brain Shrinkage May Help Predict Alzheimer’s

    (WebMD - April 13, 2011) - Brain shrinkage seen on MRI imaging may actually occur up to 10 years before Alzheimer’s disease is diagnosed, finds a new study in Neurology.

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    New Research Shows Weight Loss Improves Memory

    (USA Today - April 13, 2011) - Scientists know that overweight and obese people are at a greater risk for memory problems and other cognitive disabilities, but the latest study is one of the first to indicate that substantial weight loss improves brain health.

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    Cannabis Use May Harm Cognitive Function in MS Patients

    (Medscape - March 28, 2011) -  Prolonged heavy use of street cannabis may adversely affect cognitive function in patients with multiple sclerosis, results of a cross-sectional study published in the March 29 issue of Neurology hint.

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    Light Therapy May Aid Traumatic Brain Injury

    (MedPage Today - March 20, 2011) - Two patients with long-term deficits from traumatic brain injury (TBI) have shown substantial improvement in cognitive function with transcranial light therapy, investigators reported.

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    Cardiovascular Risk Factors Also Linked to Cognitive Decline

    (MedPage Today - February 21, 2011) - In a study of almost 5,000 people, an adjusted analysis found that each 10-point increment in risk on the Framingham General Cardiovascular Risk Profile was associated with poorer cognitive performance on tests that included thinking, memory, reasoning, phonemic and semantic fluency, and vocabulary.

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    Cognitive Status of MS Patients May Fluctuate With Outdoor Temperature

    (Medscape - February 18, 2011) - People with multiple sclerosis may find it harder to think clearly and remember things on warmer days of the year, according to a new study.

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    Second Language Protects Against Alzheimer's

    (CBS News - February 18, 2011) - A study presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science demonstrated that bilingual people's brains function better and for longer than the brains of monolingual people after developing Alzheimer's Disease.

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    Cognitive Problems May Signal Increased Stroke Risk

    (Medscape - February 15, 2011) - In a study presented by the Dementia Care Research Program at University of Alabama at Birmingham, both lower baseline executive function and memory were associated with a higher rate of incident stroke during 4.5 years of follow-up.

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    Study Finds Link Between Hearing Loss and Dementia

    (The Med Guru - February 15, 2011) - A study published in the Archives of Neurology suggests there may be profound connections between hearing limpairment and the risk of developing dementia.

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    Older Smokers Lose Grey Matter Faster

    (Science Alert - February 10, 2011) - Older smokers damage their grey matter and lose cognitive function at a greater rate than non smokers according to a new study published in NeuroImage, A Journal of Brain Function by researchers at The University of Western Australia.

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    Aging Brain Clogs Network

    (Science Alert - February 9, 2011) - Australian researchers have mapped the brain’s neural networks and for the first time linked them with specific cognitive functions, such as information processing and language. Results from the study are published in the prestigious Journal of Neuroscience.

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    Metabolic Syndrome Linked to Memory Loss

    (Web MD - February 2, 2011) - Older people with large waistlines, high blood pressure, and other risk factors for a condition called metabolic syndrome may be at greater peril for experiencing memory loss, a new French study suggests.

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    Beta-Amyloid in Plasma Predicts Cognitive Decline

    (MedPage Today - January 18, 2011) - In a study published in JAMA, researchers found that the ratio of two beta-amyloid protein species in plasma was associated with subsequent cognitive decline in older patients.

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    Walking Slows Progression of Alzheimer's, Study Suggests

    (ScienceDaily, January 2, 2011) - Walking may slow cognitive decline in adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease, as well as in healthy adults, according to a study presented November 29 at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).

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    Mediterranean Diet Tied to Slower Mental Decline

    (Reuters - December 29, 2010) - A study published in the Journal of Clinical Nutrition of nearly 4000 Midwesterners aged 65 and older showed that those with higher MedDiet scores appeared to have slower cognitive decline over time, even after accounting for other factors such as education.

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    Long-Term Pesticide Exposure Linked to Cognitive Decline

    (Medscape - December 29, 2010) - Individuals exposed to pesticides on the job are more likely than their unexposed peers to experience a decline in cognitive function as they grow older, new research shows.

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    Car Emissions Cloud the Mind

    (MedPage Today - December 28, 2010) - Pollution from traffic was associated with worse cognitive function in a cohort of older men, researchers at the Harvard School of Public Health found.

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    Accelerated Progression from Mild Cognitive Impairment to Dementia in People with Diabetes

    (Medscape - November 21, 2010) - In a study published in the journal Diabetes of individuals age 75 years and older and living in the Kungsholmen district of central Stockholm, Sweden, researchers found that diabetes and pre-diabetes substantially accelerate the progression from MCI to dementia, and anticipate dementia occurrence by more than 3 years in people with MCI.

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    DHA Improves Memory and Cognitive Function in Older Adults

    (ScienceDaily - November 9, 2010) - A study published in the November edition of Alzheimer's & Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association suggests that taking docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) may improve memory and learning in older adults with mild cognitive impairments.

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    Is there an Association between Low-to-moderate Alcohol Consumption and Risk of Cognitive Decline?

    (Medscape - October 11, 2010) - In a study published in the American Journal of Epidemiology of men and women 55 years of age and older and living in Zaragoza, Spain, researchers found no evidence of an association between alcohol consumption and cognitive decline over 4.5 years of follow-up. 

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    B Vitamins Slow Brain Atrophy in People With Memory Problems

    (ScienceDaily - September 14, 2010) - Daily tablets of certain B vitamins can halve the rate of brain shrinkage in elderly people who suffer from mild memory problems, an Oxford University study has shown.

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    Memory Problems More Common in Men?

    (ScienceDaily - September 7, 2010) - A new study shows that mild cognitive impairment (MCI) may affect more men than women. The research is published in the September 7, 2010, print issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

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    Direct Relationship Seen Between Plasma Beta-Amyloid Levels and Cognitive Decline

    (Medscape - August 13, 2010) - There is a direct and linear association between plasma beta-amyloid levels and multiple aspects of cognitive decline over time, including cognitive changes that constitute conversion to Alzheimer's disease, according to new findings from a population-based, ethnically diverse longitudinal sample of older adults.

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    Early Evidence of Brain Complications With Type 2 Diabetes in Obese Adolescents

    (Medscape - August 10, 2010) - In a small study of obese adolescents, those with type 2 diabetes performed worse on several cognitive function tests than their equally obese peers without diabetes or prediabetes. Subtle brain abnormalities on magnetic resonance imaging were also seen only in the type 2 diabetes group.

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    Outcomes in Bipolar Related to Cognition, Mood

    (PsychCentral.com - August 9, 2010) - In a study published in the July issue of the journal Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, Mount Sinai School of Medicine researchers reported that in individuals with bipolar disorder, overall functional difficulties in life were related to decreased processing speed.

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    Deep Brain Stimulation Shows Promise for Early Alzheimer's Disease

    (Medscape - August 6, 2010) -  In patients with mild Alzheimer's disease (AD), deep brain stimulation (DBS) modulates specific brain circuits important in memory and is safe, according to results of the first phase 1 study of DBS for AD, published online July 30 in the Annals of Neurology.

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    Iron-Deficiency Anemia Linked to Memory Deficits in Children

    (Medscape - August 6, 2010) - In a study published in the journal Pediatrics on July 26, 2010, researchers from Children's Hospital Boston and Harvard Medical School in Boston, Massachusetts found poorer object permanence and short-term memory encoding and/or retrieval in infants with iron-deficiency anemia at 9 months.

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    Type 2 Diabetic Teens Show Brain Abnormalities

    (MedPage Today - August 3, 2010) - Brain structure and cognitive function appear to suffer among obese teens with type 2 diabetes, according to MRI and neuropsychology findings.

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    Intranasal Insulin Shows Benefit in Mild Cognitive Impairment and Alzheimer's Disease

    (Medscape - July 16, 2010) - A small, randomized trial of 2 doses of intranasal insulin showed improvements in memory and functioning and improved CSF biomarker profiles among patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) with treatment over placebo.

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    Brain Function Differs With Weight, Body Shape

    (MedPage Today - July 16, 2010) - Body mass index and the distribution of fat were both associated with cognitive function in a large study of postmenopausal women, researchers said.

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    Regular Tea Consumption May Slow Cognitive Decline

    (Medscape - July 12, 2010) -  Regular tea consumption may slow the rate of cognitive decline in cognitively normal older adults, but this protective effect does not appear to be related to caffeine, a large longitudinal study suggests.

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    Pre-Diabetes Symptoms Not Linked to Cognitive Decline

    (Modern Medicine - July 8, 2010) - In older people with no history of diabetes, insulin resistance and elevated fasting glucose levels have no association with impaired cognitive function, according to research published in the July issue of Diabetes.

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    Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Improves Certain Language Deficits in Alzheimer's Disease

    (Medscape - June 29, 2010) - Patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) who received repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to the prefrontal cortex experienced improved auditory sentence comprehension, results of a new study suggest. The improvement was apparent after 2 weeks and persisted for 8 weeks.

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    Teenage Physical Activity Reduces Risk of Cognitive Impairment in Later Life

    (Journal of the American Geriatrics Society - June 29, 2010) - Women who are physically active at any point over the life course (teenage, age 30, age 50, late life) have lower risk of cognitive impairment in late-life compared to those who are inactive, but teenage physical activity appears to be most important according to a study of over nine thousand women published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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    Cognitive Decline Increased in Middle-Aged Patients With Type 2 Diabetes

    (Medscape - June 24, 2010) - Middle-aged patients with type 2 diabetes have roughly a 3 times greater decline in certain cognitive functions during a 5-year period than people without diabetes, a new study suggests.

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    Vitamin D Linked to Poor Learning Performance in Patients With MS

    (Medscape - June 9, 2010) - A new study shows that serum Vitamin D deficieincy is associated with poor learning performance among patients with multiple sclerosis.

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    Violent Video Games Linked to Aggression, Diminished Cognitive Function

    (Medscape - June 3, 2010) - Male players of violent video games, particularly first person shooter games (FPSG), have more feelings of aggression than nonplayers, according to a small study from German researchers presented at the American Psychiatric Association (APA) 2010 Annual Meeting.

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    Too Much Belly Fat Linked to Dementia

    (Web MD - May 20, 2010) - Excess belly fat may make your brain shrink and boost your risk of dementia later, according to a new study published online in the Annals of Neurology.

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    Vitamin D Deficiency Linked to Cognitive Impairment in Older Women

    (Medscape - April 29, 2010) - Vitamin D deficiency appears to increase the risk for cognitive impairment, a large, population-based study of older women shows.

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    Elevated CRP Level Linked to Decline in Executive Function and Frontal Lobe Damage

    (Mescape - April 1, 2010) - A new study shows a link between elevated levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, an indicator of low-grade inflammation, and decline in executive function but not other cognitive domains.

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    Hospitalization Linked to Likelihood of Cognitive Decline for Older Adults

    (Science Daily - February 24, 2010) - Older patients hospitalized for acute care or a critical illness are more likely to experience cognitive decline compared to older adults who are not hospitalized, according to a study in the February 24 issue of JAMA.

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    Metabolic Syndrome Linked to Poor Cognition in Midlife

    (Modern Medicine - January 18, 2010) - Metabolic syndrome that persists over years is associated with worse cognitive function in late middle age, according to a study in the January issue of Diabetes Care.

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    Periodontitis Found to be Associated With Cognitive Impairment Among Older Adults

    (HealthCanal.com - January 13, 2010) - Exposure to the common pathogen causing periodontitis is linked to poor performance on cognitive tasks among older individuals, according to a study led by James Noble, M.D., assistant professor of clinical neurology at the Columbia University Medical Center Affiliation at Harlem Hospital, in collaboration with physicians at Columbia University Medical Center.

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    Ginkgo Biloba Doesn't Slow Mental Decline

    (WebMD - December 29, 2009) - A 6-year clinical study published in the December 23/30 issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association found that ginkgo biloba doesn't slow age-related mental decline

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    Impaired Cognition in Elderly Women Linked to Traffic Pollution

    (Environmental Health News - December 22, 2009) - A decrease in cognitive function was found in elderly women who live near and are exposed to particulate pollution from nearby traffic.

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    Beta-Amyloid Inhibitor Fails in Alzheimer's Trial

    (MedPage Today - December 15, 2009) - An investigational drug to reduce beta-amyloid protein deposition failed to prevent Alzheimer's disease progression in a Phase III study, after the drug had shown promise in an earlier trial.

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    Impaired Kidney Function Linked To Cognitive Decline In Elderly

    (ScienceDaily - September 29, 2009) - A new study conducted by researchers at Rush University Medical Center and published in the medical journal Neurology suggests that impaired kidney function is a risk factor for cognitive decline in old age. The study found that poor kidney function was linked specifically with cognition related to memory functions.

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    Fatty Acid Supplements Can Improve Infant Cognition

    (Modern Medicine - September 18, 2009) - Babies given infant formula supplemented with long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids showed signs of improved cognitive function as demonstrated by means-end problem solving, according to a study published online on Sept. 14 in Child Development.

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    Alzheimer's Gene Alters Brain Function in Young Adults

    (HealthNewsDigest.com - September 10, 2009) - The gene most closely linked to an increased risk of developing Alzheimer's disease affects brain activity in young adults -- much earlier in life than previously reported -- according to researchers at Duke University Medical Center and The Pennsylvania State University.

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    High Diastolic Blood Pressure Linked to Cognitive Problems

    (MedPageToday.com - August 25, 2009) - Elevated diastolic blood pressure appears to be associated with cognitive impairment in people 45 and older, a cross-sectional study showed.

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    Increased Adherence to Mediterranean Diet Associated with Slower Cognitive Decline

    (Endocrine Today - August 18, 2009) - Adults who strictly adhere to a Mediterranean diet may have slower cognitive decline compared with adults who do not follow the diet. However, no association was observed between diet adherence and risk for dementia.

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    Severe COPD May Lead To Cognitive Impairment

    (ScienceDaily - July 15, 2009) - Severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with lower cognitive function in older adults, according to research from Mount Sinai School of Medicine.

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    White Matter Changes May Predict Cognition Issues

    (Modern Medicine - July 14, 2009) - The progression of white matter hypersensitivity is a better predictor of persistent cognitive impairment than baseline white matter hypersensitivity volume, according to a study published in the July 14 issue of Neurology.

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    Antihypertension Diet Linked to Improved Cognition

    (Modern Medicine - July 14, 2009) - Eating a diet designed to lower blood pressure may be associated with a reduction in age-related cognitive decline, supporting a link between hypertension and dementia, according to research presented at the 2009 International Conference on Alzheimer's Disease, held July 11 to 16 in Vienna, Austria.

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    Snoring Associated With Sleep Apnea May Impair Brain Function More Than Previously Thought

    (ScienceDaily - June 4, 2009) - A study published this month in the Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism found that sufferers of obstructive sleep apnea experience similar changes in brain biochemistry as people who have had a severe stroke or who are dying.

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    Macular Degeneration and Cognitive Function

    (Archives of Opthamology - May 2009) - In an older population, cognitive impairment may share common age-related pathogenesis and risk factors with early AMD.

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    Perimenopause Associated with Cognitive Decline

    (MedPageToday - May 27, 2009) - Women lose their intellectual edge in perimenopause, but regain it in the later phases of menopause, according to a study in the May 26, 2009 issue of Neurology.

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    Serum Uric Acid and Cognitive Function and Dementia

    (Medscape - May 26, 2009) - Higher levels of uric acid are associated with a decreased risk of dementia and better cognitive function later in life.

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    Cognition and Attention Altered in Youngsters who Live with Gas Appliances

    (Environmental Health News - May 22, 2009) - Preschoolers who lived in homes using gas appliances scored lower on cognitive tests and had a higher likelihood of exhibiting inattention behaviors than those in homes without gas appliances, according to a recent study published in the American Journal of Epidemiology.

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    Vitamin D May Boost Cognitive Function in Older Brains

    (Montreal Gazette - May 20, 2009) - New research published in the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry involving more than 3,000 European men suggests vitamin D, the "sunshine" vitamin, may boost cognitive function in middle-aged and older brains.

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    Age-related Eye Disease May Be Associated With Cognitive Impairment

    (ScienceDaily - May 15, 2009) - Older adults with low scores on tests of cognitive function, including thinking, learning and memory appear more likely to have the early stages of the eye disease age-related macular degeneration, according to a new report.

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    High-Dose Vitamin E Slows Functional Decline in Alzheimer's Disease

    (Medscape Cardiology - May 5, 2009) - Patients with Alzheimer's disease who receive high-dose vitamin E combined with a cholinesterase inhibitor have less long-term deterioration in their ability to perform activities of daily living than those who do not receive vitamin E, according to a new study presented at the American Geriatrics Society Annual Scientific Meeting.

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    IQ Lower Among Children Resuscitated at Birth Even When Asymptomatic

    (Medscape Cardiology - April 27, 2009) - Results of a cohort study published in the Lancet show that children who received resuscitation as an infant have an increased risk for low IQ scores when they reach 8 years of age.

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    Anti-Inflammatory Drugs Do Not Prevent Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease

    (Medscape Cardiology - April 23, 2009) - Contrary to previous reports, a new study suggests that nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs do not prevent dementia, including Alzheimer's disease, but may simply delay disease onset.

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    Statins Fail to Prevent Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease

    (TheHeart.org - April16, 2009) - High serum cholesterol may contribute to the development of Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia, but lowering cholesterol levels with statins does not prevent these problems, according to a report published in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

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    Young Adults At Future Risk Of Alzheimer's Have Different Brain Activity

    (ScienceDaily - April 14, 2009) - Young adults with a genetic variant that raises their risk of developing Alzheimer's Disease show changes in their brain activity decades before any symptoms might arise, according to a new brain imaging study by scientists from the University of Oxford and Imperial College London.

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    Adiposity and Cognitive Decline

    (Medscape - April 7, 2009) - The Health, Aging and Body Composition (ABC) Study found that among men, total fat mass was significantly associated with cognitive decline.

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    Decline in Mental Skills May Start in 20s

    (WebMD - March 23, 2009) - Researchers from the University of Virginia have found that cognitive decline -- a condition most often associated with older or elderly adults -- actually starts to kick in relatively early in adulthood, at age 27.

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    Diabetes And Elevated Levels Of Cholesterol Linked To Faster Cognitive Decline In Alzheimer's Patients

    (ScienceDaily - March 15, 2009) - A history of diabetes and elevated levels of cholesterol, especially LDL cholesterol, are associated with faster cognitive decline in patients with Alzheimer’s disease, according to a new study from Columbia University Medical Center researchers.

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    Teenage Boys Who Eat Fish At Least Once A Week Achieve Higher Intelligence Scores

    (ScienceDaily - March 10, 2009) - Fifteen-year-old males who ate fish at least once a week displayed higher cognitive skills at the age of 18 than those who it ate it less frequently, according to a study of nearly 4,000 teenagers published in the March issue of Acta Paediatrica.

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    Metabolic Syndrome Linked to Cognitive Impairment

    (MedPage Today - March 9, 2009) - Older women who have metabolic syndrome may be at risk of cognitive impairment, researchers from the University of California San Francisco reported in the March issue of Archives of Neurology.

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    Long Work Hours Tied to Poorer Mental Function

    (Reuters - March 5, 2009) - People who work well beyond the standard 40-hour week may show a somewhat faster mental decline in middle-age, a new study suggests.

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    Cholesterol-reducing Drugs May Lessen Brain Function

    (ScienceDaily - February 23, 2009) - Research by an Iowa State University scientist suggests that cholesterol-reducing drugs known as statins may lessen brain function.  The results of this study show that drugs that inhibit the liver from making cholesterol may also keep the brain from making cholesterol, which is vital to efficient brain function.

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    Chronic Heart-Failure Patients More Likely to Have Cognitive Impairment

    (HeartWire - February 16, 2009) - Community-dwelling heart-failure patients have a greater-than-fourfold risk of cognitive impairment, compared with those without heart failure, according to a case-controlled study in the February 2009 issue of the Journal of Cardiac Failure.

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    Second-hand Smoke May Cause Dementia

    (ScienceDaily - February 13, 2009) - Exposure to second-hand smoke could increase the risk of developing dementia and other forms of cognitive impairment, according to research published on the British Medical Journal website.

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    Mediterranean Diet Benefits Cognitive Function in Elderly

    (Modern Medicine - February 9, 2009) - In cognitively normal older adults, adherence to a Mediterranean diet is associated with a modestly reduced risk of developing mild cognitive impairment, and in older adults who already have mild cognitive impairment, adherence to the diet is associated with a significantly reduced risk of developing Alzheimer's disease, according to a report published in the February issue of the Archives of Neurology.

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    Education Associated with Level of Cognitive Function but Not Rate of Decline

    (Reuters - February 2, 2009) - Although a higher level of education attainment is associated with a higher level of cognitive functioning, it does not protect against cognitive decline in old age.

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    Chronic Hyperglycemia Linked to Cognitive Dysfunction

    (Modern Medicine - January 28, 2009) - In patients with type 2 diabetes, higher A1C levels are associated with lower scores on cognitive tests (Digit Symbol Substitution Test, Mini Mental Status Examination, Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test, and the Stroop Test), researchers report in the February issue of Diabetes Care.

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    Common Medication Associated With Cognitive Decline In Elderly

    (ScienceDaily - January 28, 2009) - A study published in Journal of the American Geriatrics Society suggested that the use of certain medications in elderly populations may be associated with cognitive decline. The study examined the effects of exposure to anticholinergic medications, a type of drug used to treat a variety of disorders that include respiratory and gastrointestinal problems, on over 500 relatively healthy men aged 65 years or older with high blood pressure.

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    Eat Less, Remember More

    (Scientific American - January 27, 2009) - A new study, published in the January 27th issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, shows that cutting calories actually improves memory in older folks.

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    Concussions Appear to Have Lifelong Impact on Brain

    (MedPageToday - January 27, 2009) - Athletes who had at least one concussion playing college-level sports had greater declines in attention and memory and a slowing of some movements more than 30 years later compared with those who never had a concussion.

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    Low Levels Of Vitamin D Link To Cognitive Problems In Older People

    (ScienceDaily - January 24, 2009) - A study based on data on almost 2000 adults aged 65 and over who participated in the Health Survey for England in 2000 and whose levels of cognitive function were assessed found that as levels of Vitamin D went down, levels of cognitive impairment went up. Compared to those with optimum levels of Vitamin D, those with the lowest levels were more than twice as likely to be cognitively impaired.

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    Fish Oil for Preemies May Boost Cognition

    (Time - January 13, 2009) - Reporting in the Journal of the American Medical Association, Maria Makrides and her colleagues at the Women's and Childrens' Hospital in Adelaide, Australia, found that supplementing premature baby girls' diets with omega-3 fatty acids in the first few days after birth improved their performance on cognitive tests 18 months later. The same benefit was not seen in baby boys, however, possibly because premature girls and boys simply develop at different rates, the researchers speculate.

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    Hormone Replacement Therapy Brings Modest Reduction in Brain Volume

    (MedPageToday - January 12, 2009) - Hormone replacement therapy was associated with significantly lower volume of the frontal lobe (P=0.004) and hippocampus (P=0.05) and a trend for lower total brain volume (P=0.07) in women 65 and older, Susan M. Resnick, of the National Institute on Aging Biomedical Research Center here, and colleagues reported in the January 13 issue of Neurology.

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    Lifetime Lead Exposure Leaves Cognitive Shadow in Older Age

    (MedPageToday - January 12, 2009) - Men with higher cumulative lead exposure had significantly lower cognitive scores, particularly on spatial ability, learning, and memory, and greater cognitive decline, reported Lisa A. Morrow, Ph.D., of the University of Pittsburgh, and colleagues in the January issue of Neuropsychology.

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    Logging More Than 55 Hours a Week on the Job Takes a Mental Toll on Middle-Aged Workers, Study Shows

    (WebMD - January 9, 2009) - A study, published in the American Journal of Epidemiology, involved analyzing the performance of 2,214 middle-aged British civil servants on a battery of thinking tests given in two time periods from 1997 to 2004. The workers were given cognitive tests, and those who worked more than 55 hours per week scored lower on vocabulary and reasoning exams than people whose work weeks lasted 40 hours at most, the researchers report.

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    Even Mild Diabetes, Well Controlled, Slows Mental Function

    (WebMD - January 5, 2009) - Mild diabetes slows mental function, even when kept under tight control, a Canadian study shows.  It's not a huge cognitive defect, but it seems to appear early in the course of type 2 diabetes. Fortunately, the defect does not snowball over time, at least for those with mild or moderate diabetes.

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    Surges in Blood Pressure Found to Affect Cognitive Ability in Elderly

    (HealthNews - December 18, 2008) - A study published in the December 15 issue of the Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences found that participants with an average systolic blood pressure of 130 or higher tended to perform poorly in inductive reasoning tasks, and the higher the blood pressure, the more mistakes the participants made.

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    Very Low-Carb Diets May Impair Memory

    (WebMD - December 12, 2008) - Very low-carbohydrate diets may help with weight loss, but they appear to impair reaction time and visual-spatial memory.

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    Brain Differences Between Rich and Poor Kids

    (UC Berkeley News - December 2, 2008) - In a study recently accepted for publication by the Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, scientists at UC Berkeley's Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute and the School of Public Health report that normal 9- and 10-year-olds differing only in socioeconomic status have detectable differences in the response of their prefrontal cortex, the part of the brain that is critical for problem solving and creativity.

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    Exercise May Prevent Loss of Small Blood Vessels in the Brain

    (MedPageToday - December 1, 2008) - Older adults who exercise regularly appear to have increased cerebral blood flow and a greater number of small blood vessels in the brain.  This could be the mechanism by which exercise prevents cognitive decline in the elderly.

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    Apnea Therapy May Help Cognition in Alzheimer's

    (Reuters - November 26, 2008) - For patients with Alzheimer's disease and obstructive sleep apnea, treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) seems to improve cognitive function, according to a report in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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    Type 2 Diabetes May Slow Mental Processing Speed

    (Reuters - November 20, 2008) - An analysis of data from 1,917 elderly men and women enrolled in the AGES Reykjavik Study, a large population-based study that ran from 2002 to 2006, revealed that brain processing speed is the most severely affected cognitive function among individuals with type 2 diabetes.

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    Brains of High-Functioning Elderly Have More Plaques, Fewer Tangles

    (MedPageToday - November 17, 2008) - Upon autopsy, the brains of people whose cognition remained super-sharp in their 80s and beyond showed no evidence of neurofibrillary tau-protein tangles, according to the first data reported from the SuperAging Project that began in 2006.

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    Kidney Transplantation Can Improve Mental Performance

    (ScienceDaily.com - November 7, 2008) - Kidney transplantation can improve mental performance, according to a paper presented at the American Society of Nephrology's 41st Annual Meeting and Scientific Exposition in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

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    Vitamin B3 Reduces Alzheimer's Symptoms in Mice

    (ScienceDaily.com - November 5, 2008) - According to a study appearing online in the November 5 issue of the Journal of Neuroscience, nicotinamide, a form of vitamin B3, prevented memory loss in mice with Alzheimer's disease.

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    High-Altitude Climbing Causes Subtle Loss of Brain Cells and Motor Function

    (MedicalNewsToday.com - October 16, 2008) - A study of professional mountain climbers has shown that high-altitude exposure can cause subtle white and grey matter changes to the area of the brain involved in motor activity, according to the October issue of the European Journal of Neurology.

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    Marijuana Use Takes Toll on Adolescent Brain Function

    (ScienceDaily.com - October 15, 2008) - A study presented at the 2008 annual meeting of the American Academy of Pediatrics suggests that chronic, heavy marijuana use during adolescence – a critical period of ongoing brain development – is associated with poorer performance on thinking tasks, including slower psychomotor speed and poorer complex attention, verbal memory and planning ability.

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    Surfing the Web Stimulates Older Brains

    (WebMD.com - October 14, 2008) - A study by UCLA researchers, to be published in an upcoming issue of the American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, found that Internet searching appears to engage a greater extent of neural circuitry that is not activated during reading -- but only in those with prior Internet experience.

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    B Vitamins No Help for Alzheimer's

    (WebMD.com - October 14, 2008) - A study published in the October 15, 2008 issue of JAMA found that a regimen of high-dose vitamin B supplements does not slow cognitive decline in individuals with mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease.

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    Moderate Drinking May Shrink the Brain

    (MedPageToday.com - October 13, 2008) - Increasing alcohol intake was associated with loss in total brain volume greater than expected from age alone according to an article published in the October issue of the Archives of Neurology.

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    Mild Cognitive Impairment May be Linked to Severity of Diabetes

    (EndocrineToday.com - September 25, 2008) - A population-based, case controlled study conducted by researchers from The Mayo Clinic found that mild cognitive impairment is associated with early-onset, long duration and insulin-treated diabetes.

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    Excercise May Help Prevent Age-Related Memory Loss

    (U.S. News and World Report - September 2, 2008) - A study published in September 3 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association concluded that exercise improves cognitive function in older adults with subjective and objective mild cognitive impairment. The benefits of physical activity were apparent after six months and persisted for at least another 12 months after the intervention had been discontinued.

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    Mental Skills Can Decline Years Before Dying

    (U.S. News and World Report - August 27, 2008) - Men and women who remain free of dementia will nonetheless undergo an accelerated drop in key mental skills as much as 15 years before their death, a new study published in the August 27 online issue of Neurology reveals.

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    Chronic Exposure to Estrogen Impairs Some Cognitive Functions

    (ScienceDaily.com - August 5, 2008) - Rats exposed to a steady dose of estradiol were impaired on tasks involving working memory and response inhibition, University of Illiniois researchers found.

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    Statins May Protect Against Memory Loss

    (Reuters - July 28, 2008) - A study published in the July 29, 2008 issue of the journal Neurology found that the use of statin drugs may decrease the risk of cognitive impairment and dementia in older adults.

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    Heart Disease and Cognitive Function

    (TheHeart.org - July 23, 2008) - A study published online July 23, 2008 in the European Heart Journal demonstrated that patients with coronary heart disease are more likely to show reduced cognitive function in late middle age than those without heart disease.  Furthermore, cognitive function was worst in patients with the earliest diagnosis of CHD.

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    Tea Drinking May Help Protect Against Cognitive Impairment and Decline

    (Medscape.com - July 14, 2008) - A study published in the July 2008 issue of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition found that total tea intake was significantly associated with a lower prevalence of cognitive impairment among community-living Chinese adults 55 years or older.

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    Better Fed Babies Make For Smarter Adults

    (MedPage Today - July 8, 2008) - A study of 1,448 residents of four villages around Guatemala City found that Improved intake of protein and other nutrients for infants boosted their abstract reasoning scores in adulthood by the equivalent of 1.6 years of schooling.

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    Eating Tofu May Raise Risk of Dementia

    (BBC News - July 4, 2008) - A study of 719 elderly Indonesians living in urban and rural regions of Java found that daily tofu consumption was associated with impaired memory in study participants over the age of 68.

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    Grape Seed Extract May Fight Alzheimer's

    (Reuters Health - July 1, 2008) - Rodents prone to developing Alzheimer's-like brain changes showed better cognitive function at 11 months of age if they were given red grape seed extract in their drinking water.

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    Memory Deficit in Middle Age Linked to Low HDL

    (MedPage Today - June 30, 2008) - A study published in Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology found that memory loss in middle age was associated with low levels of HDL in a retrospective review of a database of 3,673 British civil servants.

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    Type 2 Diabetes Linked to Cognitive Decline

    (Reuters Health - June 27, 2008) - Harvard researchers examined the association between diabetes status and duration and late-life cognitive impairment and decline in 5907 men enrolled in the Physicians' Health Study and 6326 women enrolled in the Women's Health Study.  Those with type 2 diabetes had lower baseline general cognition scores and experienced a steeper cognitive decline subsequently.

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    Subtle Brain Abnormalities Predict Mental Decline

    (Reuters - June 24, 2008) - An Italian study of 506 subjects who were 65 years or older found that subtle neurologic abnormalities were associated with increased risk of cognitive and functional decline and death.

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    Use of Bright Lighting Improves Dementia Symptoms

    (ScienceDaily.com - June 11, 2008) - In a study conducted at 12 elderly group care facilities in the Netherlands, and published in the June 22, 2008 issue of JAMA, resarchers found that bright light lessened cognitive deterioration by a relative 5 percent, reduced depressive symptoms by a relative 19 percent and diminished the gradual increase in functional limitations by a relative 53 percent.

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    Midlife Smoking Associated with Memory Deficit

    (ScienceDaily.com - June 10, 2008) - A study of 10,308 London-based civil servants age 35 to 55 followed for an average of 17.1 years found that smoking in middle age is associated with memory deficit and decline in reasoning abilities.

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    Brain Training Improves Fluid Intelligence

    (ScienceDaily.com - June 6, 2008) - A University of Michigan study demonstrated that fluid intelligence can be improved with dual n-back training (SPECIAL NOTE - MyBrainTrainer's dual n-back test is scheduled for release at the end of June 2008).

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    DHEA Does Not Improve Cognitive Performance

    (Medscape - May 28, 2008) - A study published in the May 14 Online First issue of the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society concluded that "DHEA supplementation has no benefit on cognitive performance or well-being in healthy older adults, and it should not be recommended for that purpose in the general population."

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    Prenatal Fish Intake Improves Infants' Cognitive Function

    (Reuters - May 27, 2008) - A study published in the May 15 issue of the American Journal of Epidemiology concluded that the cognitive test  scores of 3-year olds rose with the amount of fish their mothers had consumed while pregnant, but those whose mothers had more mercury in their bodies performed less well on the tests.

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    Celery and Green Pepper Reduce Brain Inflammation

    (ScienceDaily.com - May 23, 2008) - A study recently published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences found that a plant compound found in abundance in celery and green peppers can disrupt a key component of the inflammatory response in the brain, and thus might be helpful in limiting the cognitive deficits that result from aging.

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    Bypass Not To Blame For Heart Patients' Mental Decline

    (ScienceDaily.com - May 20, 2008) - A study published in the May 2008 issue of Annals of Neurology found that heart disease patients who received bypass surgery fared no worse in subsequent tests of cognition than did heart disease patients who were treated with prescription medications and/or angioplasty with stents.

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    Hierarchial Power Enhances Executive Function

    (Time Magazine - May 20, 2008) - A study in the May 2008 issue of Psychological Science found that rank in a hierarchy fundamentally alters people's basic cognitive function.

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    No Cognitive Benefit from NSAIDS

    (MedPageToday.com - May 12, 2008) - No cognitive benefits were seen in patients at risk for Alzheimer's Disease from the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs naproxen (Aleve) and celecoxib (Celebrex) according to a study published  in the Archives of Neurology.

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    Deep-Brain Stimulation Shows Promise for Treating Alzheimer's

    (TechnologyReview.com - May 12, 2008) - A Canadian researcher and his collaborators have seen promising results in six Alzheimer's patients who have been treated with electric currents delivered directly to their brains.

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    Lung Function and Cognitive Development

    (Psychosomatic Medicine - March 31, 2008) - A study of 165 children in Boston found that "increased lung function was associated with increased cognitive development among children after adjusting for tobacco exposure, birhweight, and peak blood level."

    Click here to read the medical journal abstract


    Larger Belly In Mid-life Increases Risk Of Dementia

    (ScienceDaily.com - March 26, 2008) - People with larger stomachs in their 40s are more likely to have dementia when they reach their 70s, according to a new study published in Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

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    Hypertension Impairs Cognitive Function

    (Journal of the American Geriatrics Society - March 2008) - High blood pressure is associated with worse brain function than normal blood pressure in people aged 60 and older, according to a study conducted by physicians at Howard University Hospital in Washington, DC.

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    Women with Higher Levels of DHEAS Have Better Cognitive Function

    (Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism - March 2008) - Women with naturally higher levels of the hormone precursor DHEAS performed better on tests of executive function, concentration, and working memory than women with lower levels of DHEAS.

    Click here to read the medical journal abstract


    Early Diet of Premature Babies

    (Pediatric Research - March 2008) - A study by researchers at Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children and the UCL Institute of Child Health in London, found a direct link between early diet in preterm infants and the structure of the brain.

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    Learning and Developmental Disabilities Linked to Environmental Toxins

    (HealthSentinel.com - February 25, 2008) - On February 20, 2008 The Collaborative on Health and the Environment’s Learning and Developmental Disabilities Initiative published a Scientific Consensus Statement on Environmental Agents Associated with Neurodevelopmental Disorder.  This report listed numerous environmental contaminants have been “conclusively shown” to affect the developing nervous system and cause a range of performance deficits.

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    Stroke Risk Factors May Signal Faster Cognitive Decline In Elderly

    (ScienceDaily.com - February 23, 2008) - Older Americans with the highest risk of stroke, but those who have never suffered a stroke, also have the highest rate of cognitive decline, researchers reported at the American Stroke Association’s International Stroke Conference 2008.

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    Music and the Stroke-Injured Brain

    (MedPage Today - February 19, 2008) - Recovery of verbal memory and focused attention was better in patients who listened to music of their choice soon after a stroke than in patients who did not listen to anything or in those who listened to audio books according to a study performed at the University of Helsinki.

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    Folate Deficiency May Triple Dementia Risk in the Elderly

    (Medscape - February 11, 2008) - A two-year study of 518 subjects in South Korea found that incident dementia increased significantly across descending quintiles of baseline folate concentrations.

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    An Apple a Day Keeps Dementia Away

    (Journal of Food Nutrition - January/February 2008) - Korean researchers found that a diet rich in apples, oranges and bananas may protect against oxidative stress linked to loss of cognitive function and Alzheimer's Disease.

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    Effect of Infrared Light on Alzheimer's Disease

    (CBS News - January 28, 2008) - British researchers are testing a helmet that aims low levels of infrared light at the wearer's brain in the hope that it may stimulate the growth of brain cells.

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    Biventricular Pacing Improves Cognitive Function

    (Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association - December 2007) - Florida researchers found that treating congestive heart failure patients with pacemakers or defibrillators resulted in improvements in attention, concentration and memory, in addition to cardiac improvement.

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    Surgery Increases Risk of Cognitive Decline Among Elderly

    (MedPageToday.com - December 27, 2007) - Surgical patients 60 or older are at increased risk for long-term postoperative cognitive dysfunction according to a study published in the January 2008 issue of Anesthesiology.

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    Hypertension Increases Risk for Mild Cognitive Impairment

    (Medscape Cardiology - December 13, 2007) - New research shows that a history of hypertension increases the risk for mild cognitive impairment (MCI), suggesting that prevention and effective management of high blood pressure may lower the risk for cognitive decline.

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    Heading During a Soccer Season and Cognitive Function

    (University of Delaware Daily - December 7, 2007) - A study by a team of University of Delaware researchers found that heading by female high school and collegiate soccer players does not produce harmful effects in short-term neurocognitive function.

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    Cognitive Fog of Normal Aging Linked to Brain System Disruption

    (Neuron - December 6, 2007) - Comparisons of the brains of young and old people revealed that normal aging may cause cognitive decline due to deterioration of the connections among large-scale brain systems.

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    Bedwetting Linked to Impaired Cognitive Performance

    (Reuters - December 4, 2007) - Children who regularly wet the bed at night score worse on multiple measures of cognitive performance than do non-bedwetting children, researchers reported at the 2007 International Children's Continence Society meeting.

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    L-Carnitine Linked to Better Cognitive Function inthe Very Old

    (The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - December 2007) - In a study of 66 Italian men and women with an average age of 101, L-Carnitine supplements administered over a six month period improved total muscle mass and boosted cognitive performance.

    Click here to read the medical journal abstract


    Serum Calcium and Cognitive Function in Old Age

    (Journal of the American Geriatrics Society - November 2007) - In the general population, high serum calcium levels are associated with faster decline in cognitive function over the age of 75.

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    Older Adults with Mild Memory Impairment Still Benefit from Cognitive Training

    (NIH News - November 30, 2007) - Older adults with pre-existing mild memory impairment benefit as much as those with normal memory function from certain forms of cognitive training that don’t rely on memorization.

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    Alzheimer's Disease and High Blood Pressure Linked

    (Reuters - November 28, 2007) - Having high blood pressure reduces blood flow in the brains of Alzheimer's patients, making them more vulnerable to the effects of the disease, researchers reported at the 2007 Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting of the Radiological Society of North America.

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    'Cocktail' of Compounds Improves Brain Function in Rodents

    (MIT News - November 26, 2007) - MIT researchers have shown that a cocktail containing three compounds (DHA, a type of omega-3 fatty acid, uridine and choline) normally in the blood stream promotes growth of new brain connections and improves cognitive function in rodents.

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    Blood Lead Concentrations and Child Intelligence

    (Environmental Health Perspectives - November 20, 2007) - Children's intellectual functioning at 6 years of age is impaired by blood lead concentrations well below the current definition of an elevated blood lead level.

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    Arterial Stiffness Correlated to Cognitive Decline

    (Hypertension - November 19, 2007) - Markers of arterial stiffness are associated prospectively with cognitive decline before dementia, according to data collected from1749 participants in the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging.

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    Neuroscientists Propose New Theory Of Brain Flexibility

    (ScienceDaily.com - November 18, 2007) - Carnegie Mellon University neuroscientist Marcel Just and Stanford postdoctoral fellow Sashank Varma have put forward a new computational theory of brain function that addresses the question as to how the human brain organizes itself to give rise to complex cognitive tasks such as reading, problem solving and spatial reasoning.

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    Folate, Vitamin B12 and Mental Agility

    (US Department of Agriculture - November 16, 2007) - Researchers funded by the Agricultural Research Service found that seniors with high folate and low B12 status were at a cognitive disadvantage when compared to those with normal folate and low B12 status.

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    Melatonin Could Hurt Memory Formation at Night

    (EurekaAlert.org - November 15, 2007) - In a paper appearing in the November 16, 2007 issue of  Science, a University of Houston professor and his team of researchers reported that that melatonin may be responsible for poor learning and memory formation during the night.

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    Are Curvy Women More Intelligent?

    (ABC News - November 13, 2007) - Women with waists that were about 70 percent of the diameter of their hips scored slightly better on intelligence tests and tended to have a slightly higher level of education than women with a higher waist-to-hip ratio, according to a study published online on October 4, 2007 in the journal Evolution and Human Behavior.

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    Long-Term Beta Carotene Suplementation May Slow Cognitive Decline

    (MedPageToday.com - November 13, 2007) - Harvard researchers reported in the November 12, 2007 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine that beta carotene may retard a decline in cognitive function if it is taken for many years as a supplement.

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    Relationship Between Statins And Cognitive Decline More Complex Than Thought

    (ScienceDaily.com - November 8, 2007) - In a three year epidemiological study reported in the November 6, 2007 issue of Neurology, researchers from the Indiana University School of Medicine and the Regenstrief Institute, Inc. have found an association of statin use with less cognitive decline in elderly African Americans and report that, surprisingly, the association is even stronger for those who had discontinued use than for continuous users.

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    Children With Alzheimer's Disease Risk Gene Show Reduced Cognitive Function

    (ScienceDaily.com - November 6, 2007) - Children who possess a gene known to increase the risk of Alzheimer's disease already show signs of reduced cognitive function before the age of 10, an Oregon Health & Science University study has found.

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    Hypertension and Atrial Fibrillation Increase Cognitive Decline in Alzheimer's Disease

    (MedPageToday.com - November 5, 2007) - Uncontrolled high blood pressure doubled the rate of memory loss compared with patients who had normal blood pressure, and atrial fibrillation was associated with a 75% increase in memory loss, according to a study published in the November 6, 2007 issue of Neurology.

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    Fish Consumption Associated with Improved Cognitive Function

    (American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - November 2007) - In the elderly, a diet high in fish and fish products is associated with better cognitive performance in a dose-dependent manner according to a study of 2031 subjects living in Western Norway.

    Click here to read the scientific journal abstract


    Postmenopausal Hormone Therapy Does Not Enhance Cognition

    (MedPage Today - September 24, 2007) - Hormone therapy had no significant effects on the cognitive performance of women shortly after menopause, according to a study published in the September 25, 2007 issue of Neurology.

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    Being Bilingual Protects Brain

    (The International News - September 20, 2007) - Being fluent in two languages may help to keep the brain sharper for longer, according to researchers from York University in Canada, who carried out tests on 104 people between the ages of 30 and 88.

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    Obesity Won't Affect Seniors' Memory

    (U.S. News & World Report - September 20, 2007) - Being overweight or obese doesn't increase the odds that seniors will experience memory trouble, according to a new  study published in the September 19, 2007 online issue of the journal Neurology.

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    Frequent Cell Phone Use May Slow Brain Function

    (PC World - September 18, 2007) - A study published in the International Journal of Neuroscience followed a group of 300 people over 2.4 years.  Frequent mobile phone users demonstrated slowed brain function, but with the caveat that the slowed brain effects are still considered within normal brain functioning

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    Brain Network Related to Intelligence Identified

    (Today@UCI - September 11, 2007) - In a review of 37 imaging studies related to intelligence,  Richard Haier of the University of California, Irvine and Rex Jung of the University of New Mexico have uncovered evidence of a distinct neurobiology of human intelligence. Their Parieto-Frontal Integration Theory (P-FIT) identifies a brain network related to intelligence, one that primarily involves areas in the frontal and the parietal lobes.

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    Study Finds Left-Wing Brain, Right-Wing Brain

    (Los Angeles Times - September 10, 2007) - Scientists have found that liberals tolerate ambiguity and conflict better than conservatives because of how their brains work.

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    Heartburn Treatment and Mental Function

    (healthandage.com - September 10, 2007) - A study published in the Journal of the Amercian Geriatrics Society found that regular use of a histamine-2 blocker may double the risk of developing signs of cognitive impairment, or imperfect mental functioning.

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    Low- and High-Carbohydrate Weight-Loss Diets Have Similar Effects on Mood but Not Cognitive Performance

    (The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - September 2007) - Australian researchers compared the effects of a low carbohydrate, high-fat diet with a conventional high-carbohydrate, low-fat diet on mood and cognitive function.

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    Estrogen May Fight Dementia

    (Time Magazine - August 29, 2007) - Two related studies in the 08/29/07 online edition of Neurology lend support to the theory that in women under 50, estrogen acts as a defense against later cognitive impairment, dementia and Parkinson's disease.

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    Brain Network Identified That May Prevent or Slow Alzheimer’s

    (Newswise - August 20, 2007) - Columbia University Medical Center researchers have identified a brain network within the frontal lobe that is associated with cognitive reserve, the process that allows individuals to maintain function despite brain function decline due to aging or Alzheimer’s disease.

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    The Neuroprotective Effects of Caffeine

    (Neurology - August 7, 2007) - Results from a cohort study suggest that caffeine may reduce cognitive decline in women without dementia. French researchers report that women who drank more than 3 cups of coffee per day had less decline during 4 years of follow-up compared with those who drank a cup or less. However, no such effect was seen in men.

    Click here to read the medical journal abstract


    Reading Skills Protect Brain from Lead Effects

    (Canada.com - August 1, 2007) - A study published in the July 31, 2007 issue of Neurology suggests people who are better readers have more protection from some of the effects of lead poisoning than those who do not read as well.

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    ACL Tears Linked to Slow Cognition

    (Delaware Online - July 26, 2007) - A University of Delaware study revealed that people can be predisposed to tearing their knee ligaments based on reaction time, alertness and speed processing in game action situations.  The study also suggested that proper cognitive training could assist in future ACL tear prevention.

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    Resveratrol Protects Against Neuron Degeneration in Mice

    (MIT Technology Review - July 23, 2007) - Scientists at MIT and Harvard found that a gene called SIRT1 and a plant compound found in red wine called resveratrol can protect against neuron degeneration in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. The researchers demonstrated that activating SIRT1 and injecting resveratrol, which have both been previously associated with life-span extension in lower organisms, can also prevent cognitive problems in the mice.

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    Bipolar Disorder Shrinks Brain

    (BBC News - July 20, 2007) - People with bipolar disorder suffer from an accelerated shrinking of their brain, according to a study published in Biological Psychiatry.

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    Troubled Sleep Accompanies Cognitive Decline in Women

    (Psychiatric Times - July 17, 2000) - Poor-quality sleep and cognitive decline appear to go hand-in-hand among older women, but it's unclear which leads the other.

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    Brain Effects of Carotid Disease Emerge in Middle Age

    (MedPageToday - July 13, 2007) - Years before carotid artery disease poses a stroke risk, arterial thickening and early-stage atherosclerosis may cause deterioration in cognitive performance.

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    Mild Cognitive Impairment May Increase Stroke Risk

    (Psychiatric Times - July 13, 2007) - Mild impairment of the executive function domain of cognition may represent an early marker of increased stroke risk, according to data from the Framingham Study.

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    Hypertension Linked to Cognitive Decline in Older Patients

    (MedPageToday - July 12, 2007) - Uncontrolled hypertension in older patients increases the risk of cognitive impairment, Columbia University researchers reported at the International Society for Vascular Behavioral and Cognitive Disorders meeting.

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    Repeated Cognitive Tests Needed for Accurate Diagnosis of Mental Function

    (Ivanhoe.com - July 2, 2007) - One-time cognitive assessments can make it difficult to tell whether someone is truly impaired, truly improving or worsening, or just having normal short-term fluctuation, according to Cognitive psychologist Timothy Salthouse, Ph.D.

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    Difficulty Identifying Odors May Predict Cognitive Decline

    (Science Daily - July 2, 2007) - "Among older persons without manifest cognitive impairment, difficulty in identifying odors predicts subsequent development of mild cognitive impairment" concluded researchers at Rush University Medical Center, Chicago.

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    New MRI Image Technique Predicts Early Onset of Alzheimer's Disease

    (Doctor's Guide - June 14, 2007) - Uing new MRI techniques to analyze tissue composition and structure in the brain, researchers from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine and the National Institute on Aging successfully detected mild cognitive disorder (MCI), a condition in which patients suffer mild memory problems and is often an early symptom of Alzheimer's disease (AD).

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    Migraines May Slow Memory Loss

    (Neurology - April 24, 2007) - Researchers at Johns Hopkins reported in the journal Neurology that migraine sufferers with aura over the age of 50 suffered less decline in immediate and delayed recall tests than non-migraine sufferers over 12 years of follow-up.

    Click here to read the medical journal abstract


    Vitamin D and Cognition

    (Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics - April 15, 2007) - The positive, significant correlation between serum 25(OH)D concentration and MMSE in the study patients suggests a potential role for vitamin D in cognitive function of older adults.

    Click here to read the medical journal abstract


    Iron Treatment Normalizes Cognitive Functioning in Young Women

    (American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 2007) - A Pennsylvania study of 149 women aged 18 - 35 revealed that severity of anemia affects processing speed and severity of iron deficiency affects accuracy of cognitive function.

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    Maternal Seafood Consumption in Pregnancy and Neurodevelopmental Outcomes in Childhood

    (The Lancet - February 17, 2007) - Low maternal seafood intake in a study of 11,875 pregnant women was associated with increased risk of suboptimum outcomes for verbal intelligence, prosocial behavior, fine motor, communication, and social development scores. For each outcome measure, the lower the intake of seafood during pregnancy, the higher the risk of suboptimum developmental outcome.

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    Repeated Spatial Training in Mice Delays Development of Cognitive Decline

    (The Journal of Neuroscience - January 24, 2007) - A study, performed at the University of California, Irvine, of mice bred to be susceptible to Alzheimer’s Disease, demonstrated that longitudinal water-maze spatial training produced a significant improvement in subsequent learning performance and reduced the risk and delayed the onset of Alzheimer's.

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    Cognitive Function Boosted by Folic Acid Supplements

    (Psychiatric Times - January 19, 2007) - Folic acid supplementation appears to improve cognitive function, particularly memory, among older adults with poor folate status, Dutch researchers reported in the 1/20/07 issue of The Lancet.

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    Long-term Effects of Cognitive Training on Everyday Functional Outcomes in Older Adults

    (JAMA - December 20, 2006) - In a 5-year follow-up of 2,832 senior citizens living independently, cognitive training resulted in improved cognitive abilities specific to the abilities trained that continued 5 years after the initiation of the intervention.

    Click here to read the medical journal abstract


    Vegetarian Diet and IQ

    (British Medical Journal - December 15, 2006) - A study of 8170 men and women in Great Britain found that higher IQs in childhood are associated with an increased likelihood of being a vegetarian as an adult.

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    Vitamin E and Cognitive Function in Women

    (Archives of Internal Medicine - December 11, 2006) - In a study of 39,876 healthy U.S. women, long-term use of vitamin E supplements did not provide cognitive benefits.

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    Breast Cancer Regimen Linked to Cognitive Decline

    (Journal of the National Cancer Institute - December 6, 2006) - A study performed in The Netherlands found that cognitive deterioration was 4 times more likely among breast cancer survivors who underwent high-dose chemotherapy than it was among a control group. No such difference in cognitive decline was found among breast cancer survivors receiving standard-dose chemotherapy or among those receiving treatment that did not include chemotherapy.

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    Vitamin D Deficiency Linked to Poor Cognitive Performance

    (American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - December 2006) - In a cross-sectional group of 80 participants, 40 with mild Alzheimer’s Disease and 40 nondemented persons, vitamin D deficiency was associated with low mood and with impairment on two of four measures of cognitive performance.

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    Smoking Linked to Cognitive Decline in Heart Patients

    (Medscape - November 14, 2006) - A study presented at the 2006 American Heart Association Scientific Sessions of individuals undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery found that those with a history of smoking were twice as likely to suffer post-surgical cognitive decline.

    Click here to read review of this presentation


    Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Early Alzheimer's

    (Archives of Neurology - October 2006) - Swedish researchers found that the administration of 1.7 g of docosahexaenoic acid and 0.6 g of eicosapentaenoic acid for 6 months arrested cognitive decline in patients with very mild Alzheimer’s Disease.

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    Body Mass Index and Cognitive Decline

    (Neurology - October 10, 2006) - High BMI was associated with increased cognitive decline in a French study of 2,223 healthy men and women.

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    Physical Fitness and Lifetime Cognitive Change

    (Neurology - 10/10/06) - A study of 460 Scottish survivors of the Scottish Mental Survey of 1932 were tested on the same cognitive test at ages 11 and 79. They were also tested on various measures of physical fitness. Higher childhood IQ was associated with better lung function in old age, and physical fitness and IQ as a child influenced mental performance as participants aged.

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    Head Growth in Infancy

    (Pediatrics - October 2006) - A study of 633 infants in the UK found that the brain volume a child achieves by the age of 1 year helps determine later intelligence.

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    Older Adults with Cognitive Complaints

    (Neurology - September 12, 2006) - Dartmouth University researchers reported that adults as young as 60 who complained of memory troubles showed patterns of grey matter loss similar to those seen in patients who had been diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment.

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    Cognitive Performance in Long-term Abstinent Alcoholic Individuals

    (Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research - September 2006) - A study of 48 middle-aged alcoholic men and women living in the San Francisco Bay area who had been abstinent anywhere from six months to 13 years found that all cognitive function, with the exception of spatial-processing abilities, had been regained.

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    Fruit & Vegetable Juice May Delay Onset of Alzheimer’s

    (American Journal of Medicine - September 2006) - Researchers from the Vanderbilt School of Medicine studied 1836 Japanese Americans (average age was 72) and found that those who drank fruit or vegetable juice at least 3 times per week had a 76% lesser incidence of Alzheimer’s disease over the following 7 - 9 years compared to those who drank less than one glass of fruit or vegetable juice per week.

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    Click here to read the medical journal abstract


    Drug Triggers Reversal of Aging Effect on Memory

    (Web Wire - July 27, 2006) - Unfortunately, this has only been proven in rats thus far. But this study, which was published in the in the August issue of the Journal of Neurophysiology by researchers from the University of California, Irvine, is most interesting and promising.

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    Fish Eaters Stay Sharper With Age

    (Archives of Neurology - October 10, 2005) - A study of 6158 residents of Chicago, all over the age of 65, showed that those who consumed one or more fish meals per week showed a reduced (10 - 13%) rate of cognitive decline as opposed to those who consumed a fish meal less frequently than once per week.

    Click here to read the medical journal abstract


    Reaction Time and Longevity

    (Psychological Science - January 2005) - The Twenty-07 study conducted in the West of Scotland examined 898 participants between the ages of 54 and 58. Reaction time was found to be a significant predictor (independent of smoking, education and social class) of longevity (defined as being alive 14 years later). A summary of the study can be found here:

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    Alcohol Consumption and Cognitive Function in Women

    (The New England Journal of Medicine - January 20, 2005) - In a large study of women 70 - 81 years of age, those who drank up to one drink per day had better cognitive scores than nondrinkers. Furthermore, the type of alcoholic beverage consumed did not make a difference.

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    Effect on Standardized Test Scores of Exposure to Second-Hand Smoke

    (Environmental Health Perspectives - January 2005; healthfinder.gov) - Scores on standardized exams to measure cognitive function decrease in what is called a dose-response relationship (the greater the exposure, the worse the scores).

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    Diet, Exercise and Mental Stimulation Keeps Old Dogs Sharp

    (Neurobiology of Aging - January 2005) - Apparently, you can teach an old dog new tricks if you feed him a diet rich in antioxidants.

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    Physical Activity and Cognitive Decline in Men

    (Neurology - December 28, 2004) - A study of 295 men born between 1900 and 1920 from Finland, Italy, and the Netherlands found that "Even in old age, participation in activities with at least a medium-low intensity may postpone cognitive decline. Moreover, a decrease in duration or intensity of physical activity results in a stronger cognitive decline than maintaining duration or intensity."

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    Magnesium Boosts Learning and Memory

    (Neruon - December 2, 2004) - MIT researchers reported that found that magnesium helps regulate a key brain receptor important for learning and memory.

    Click here to view this article


    Statin Use May Impair Cognitive Function

    (American Journal of Medicine - December 1, 2004; heartcenteronline.com) - A study of subjects taking simvastatin, a.k.a., Zocor, to treat high cholesterol, showed small negative effects on brain function.

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    Cognitive Aging and the Use of Food Supplements

    (The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - December 2004) - An observational study performed in England concluded that at age 64, cognitive function was higher in fish oil supplement users than in non-users.

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    What You Eat Affects Your Brain

    (Psychology Today) - You are what you eat, not only physically, but mentally as well.

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    Cognitive Improvement for Puppies

    (Iams/Procter & Gamble - July 26, 2004; reviewboard.com) - Procter & Gamble will soon introduce its DHA-enhanced puppy food that was shown to improve the cognitive skills of 39 beagles in testing using simple H-shaped mazes.

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    Studies Presented at 9th International Conference on Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders

    (US Newswire - July 19 & 20, 2004) - Numerous studies presented this week demonstrated a strong correlation between the presence of cardiovascular risk factors and cognitive decline.

    Click here to read article #1 

    Click here to read article #2


    Alcohol Consumption and Cognitive Function

    (American Journal of Epidemiology - August 1, 2004) - Surprisingly, subjects who reported drinking alcohol (up to 30 drinks per week) were less likely to have impaired cognitive function than those who did not drink in this study of 6,033 individuals aged 46–68 years.

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    Cigarette Smoking and Cognitive Function

    (American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - August 2004) - Heavy smokers performed significantly worse on a test assessing executive function/problem-solving than non-smokers, light smokers or moderate smokers in a study of 127 healthy older adults.

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    Soy Protein and Cognitive Function

    (JAMA - July 7, 2004) - A study of 202 healthy postmenopausal women in the Netherlands found that the use of soy protein supplement containing isoflavones did not improve cognitive function.

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    Video Games May Help Surgeons

    (MSNBC News - April 7, 2004) - A study performed by researchers in New York and Iowa found that doctors who spent at least three hours per week playing video games made about 37 percent fewer mistakes in laparoscopic surgery and performed the task 27 percent faster than their counterparts who did not play video games.

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    Listening to Music While Exercising Boosts Verbal Fluency

    (Science Daily - March 24, 2004) - Listening to music while exercising helped to increase scores on a verbal fluency test among cardiac rehabilitation patients according to a study published in the journal Heart & Lung.

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    Fatty Acids and Fatty Fish Reduce Risk of Cognitive Impairment

    (Neurology - January 27, 2004) - A study performed in the Netherlands concluded that consumption of fatty fish and marine omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids was associated with a reduced risk of cognitive impairment.

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    Sleep Boosts Lateral Thinking

    (Nature - January 2004; bioedonline.org) - We all spend about a third of our lives asleep, an essential but seemingly unproductive state. Experimental evidence now emerges to support anecdotal evidence that sleep can stimulate creative thinking.

    Subjects who worked at a mathematical problem in the evening and then returned to the problem after eight hours of sleep were more than twice as likely to solve the problem than subjects who either were presented with the problem in the morning and returned the next day or subjects who were presented with the problem in the evening and then stayed up all night.

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    Juggling Increases Grey Matter

    (BBC News - January 22, 2004) - A study performed by researchers from the University of Regensburg, Germany and published in the journal Nature found that learning to juggle resulted in a measurable incerease in grey matter in areas of the brain that process visual motion information.

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    Nicotine Patch May Improve Attention in Age-Associated Memory Impairment

    (Duke University Medical Center - December 2003; sciencedaily.com) - A small study performed at Duke University found that nicotine patches "may improve cognitive performance in patients with age-associated memory impairment (AAMI)." The researchers cautioned that these findings "should not in any way justify smoking, and that nicotine patches had not been approved for long-term use because of associated health risks."

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    Obesity, Hypertension and Diminished Cognitive Function

    (International Journal of Obesity - February 2003) - An article in the February 2003 International Journal of Obesity reported that "The adverse effects of obesity and hypertension in men are independent and cumulative with respect to cognitive deficit." No such relationship was found in women.

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    Drinking Associated with Brain Shrinkage

    (Stroke - December 4, 2003; lifeclinic.com) - A study performed at Johns Hopkins University and published in the advance online edition of Stroke: Journal of the American Heart Association found that each additional drink consumed per week was associated with a decrease in brain volume. However, the clinical significance of such a small decrease in brain volume is still unknown.

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    Want better eyesight? Just train your brain!

    (Singapore Eye Research Institute) - A Singapore study using exercises that sound similar to our #2 and #5, showed improvement in vision in nearsighted subjects who exercised 20 minutes per session, 3 days per week.

    Click here to read this article


    Education, Alzheimer's and Cognitive Function

    (Neurology - June 24, 2003) - An article in the June 24, 2003 issue of Neurology found that extra years of schooling appear to allow Alzheimer's patients to function better and longer than those with less schooling. David A. Bennett, M.D., the lead author of the study called education levels in this study "a proxy" for the mental stimulation that individuals maintain and the ways in which they process complex information. "Imagine if you could find ways to strengthen the brain so that the burden of the disease would have to be extremely heavy before you begin to get the debilitating symptoms," Bennett said. "It would be big."

    Click here to read this article


    Cigarette Smoking and Cognitive Decline

    (American Journal of Public Health - June 2003) - An article in the June 2003 issue of the American Journal of Public Health reported that heavy smoking is associated with cognitive impairment and decline in midlife of verbal memory and visual search speeds.

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    Huge Effect of Cognitive Training

    (JAMA - November 13, 2002) - An article in 11/13/02 issue of JAMA (Journal of the American Medical Association) reported most impressive findings in a large (2832 subjects) study on the effect of cognitive training on healthy adults between the ages of 65 and 94. The treatment group received 10 one-hour training sessions over the course of 5-6 weeks. The beneficial impact of this training was "of a magnitude equivalent to the amount of decline expected in elderly patients without dementia over 7- to 14-year intervals." And, most impressively, these gains were, to a large extent, maintained over a 2-year follow-up period.

    Click here to read this article


    Speed Freaks

    (ESPN The Magazine - May 27, 2002) - "The best of the best are the ones who do their sharpest thinking when there's no time to think. Put simply, mind speed is what we're seeing when we can't believe our eyes."

    Click here to read this article 


    Cognitive processing speed is best way to assess risk factors in older drivers and can improve ability, says new study

    SAN FRANCISCO, California (APA Online - August 28, 2001) - Cognitive researchers can now recommend a tool that can keep older drivers on the road longer and safer by measuring and even improving their visual information processing, an important measure of driving ability.

    Click here to read this article 


    Taxi drivers' brains 'grow' on the job

    (BBCNews - March 14, 2001) - Cab drivers' grey matter enlarges and adapts to help them store a detailed mental map of the city, according to research.

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    Is IQ just a matter of neural conduction speed?

    (Going Inside - April 1996) - For 20 years, NASA test pilots have been jacking up the speed of their flight simulators to above "real-time" in order to give themselves a mental edge. By cranking up the simulators used in pre-mission training so that events happen at between 1.4 and twice normal pace, pilots say they do not feel so rushed when they drop back into the real world.

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    Cognitive Speed and Subsequent Intellectual Development: a Longitudinal Investigation

    (Journal of Gerontology - July 1979) - This article, publsihed in the July 1979 issue of the Journal of Gerontology emphasized "the importance of cognitive speed for subsequent intellectual development."

    Click here to read this article

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